An assessment of effect of national rural health mission on newborn care practices in Bangalore rural area

Narasimha B. C., Ravish K. S., Ranganath T. S., Manjula K., Spoorthy S., Navya S. S.


Background: Despite efforts by the government and other agencies, neonatal morbidity and mortality continues to be high in India. Among other reasons, Newborn care practices are major contributors for such high rates.  

Methods: Community based, cross sectional study was done in the rural field practice area covered under Primary Health Centre, Hesaraghatta, and Bengaluru rural. A semi structured, pre-tested questionnaire was used to interview 160 mothers of the newborns in the study area.

Results: 160 mothers were interviewed at their home within 15 days of delivery. All the mothers (100%) had registered at the time of pregnancy, received prescribed doses of tetanus toxoid and Iron folic acid (IFA) tablets. 160 study participants underwent institutional deliveries. Among all the deliveries sterile blade and sterile cord clamp was used for cord care. Immediate bath was given to 2.5% of cases. About 62.5% of the mothers initiated breast feeding within 1 hour and colostrum was fed to 95.6% of babies. About 137 (85.6%) babies were immunized up to date.

Conclusions: Irrespective of the educational and socio-economic status of the mothers there were 100% institutional deliveries in our rural field practice area. This is because of various Maternal and Child Health (MCH) related schemes under National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality by increasing institutional deliveries.


Newborn care, National Rural Health Mission, Institutional deliveries, Tetanus toxoid, Iron folic acid, Breast feeding, Colostrum

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