DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20162606

Study of knowledge and willingness regarding eye donation among medical students of a tertiary care teaching hospital of central India

Rajesh Kumar Ahirwar, Pallavi R. Shidhaye, Indu J. Ekka, D. M. Saxena

Abstract


Background: Corneal diseases constitute a significant cause of visual impairment and blindness in the developing world. Corneal blindness constitutes 1% of total blindness. Corneal ulcers have also been recognised as a major cause of blindness in developing countries. One of the obstacles in eye donation is lack of awareness and a negative attitude among general population. The willingness about eye donation among medical fraternity definitely will affect the attitude among general population. The present study was conducted to assess the knowledge and willingness about eye donation among medical students of a tertiary care teaching hospital of central India.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in the tertiary care teaching hospital in Bhopal during the period of September 2013 to October 2013. A total of 467 students were selected by convenient sampling. Pre-designed and pre-structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Data were entered in MS Excel sheet and analyzed by STATA-11.

Results: A total of 467 students, out of which 263 (56%) were males and 204 (44%) female students and 380 (81.4%) were aware about eye donation. The knowledge regarding eye donation was found to be statistically significant with the gender of the participant (p <0.001). 289 (61.9%) students were willing to donate eyes, out of which 161 (56%) were males and 128 (44%) were females (p=0.73). Among the participants, 97(37%) males and 70 (34%) females did not know about any existing eye bank in MP or India.

Conclusions: The present study revealed that most of the students were aware regarding eye donation and most of them were willing to donate their eyes. So continuous awareness programmes and camps should be held and should include not only the community population but also for the undergraduate medical students.

Keywords


Knowledge, Willingness, Eye donation, Medical students, Tertiary hospital

Full Text:

PDF

References


Thylefors B, Negrel AD, Pararajasegaram R, Dadzie KY. Global data on blindness. Bull WHO. 1995;73:16-21.

Consolidated report for the eye donation centres under Nehru Drishti Yojna in Haryana for the year 2010. NPCB report 2010.

Whitcher JP, Srinivasan M. Corneal ulceration in the developing world - a silent epidemic. Br J Ophthalmol. 1997;81:622-3.

Govt. of India, Annual Report 2013-2014, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi. 2014.

Dandona L, Dandona R, Srinivas M, Giridhar P, Vilas K, Prasad MN et al. Blindness in Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2001;42:908-16.

Mohan RK. Eye donation. Available at http://www.mohanfoundation.org. Accessed on 7th December 2015.

Kannan KA. Eye donation movement in India. J Indian Med Assoc 1999;97:318-9.

Jaini JS, Reddy MK, Jain AK, Ravinder MS, Jhaveria S, Raghuram L. Prespectiveness on eye banking. Indian J ophthalmol. 1996:44:47-55.

Priyadarshan B, Srinivasan M, Padmavathi A, Selvam R, Nirmalan. Awareness of eye donation in an adult population of southern India- a pilot study. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2003;51:101-4.

Singh MM, Rahi M, Pagare D, Ingle GK. Medical student’s perception on eye donation in Delhi. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2007;55(1):49-53.

Dhaliwal U. Enhancing eye donation rates training students to be motivators. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2002;50:209-12.

Kumar S, Shukla US, Prakash, Agarwal P. Awareness and knowledge on eye donation among students at Bhopal. Natl J Community Med. 2012;3(4):685-89.

Tondon R, Verma K, Vanathy M, Pandey RM, Bajpayee RB. Factors affecting eye donation from post-mortem cases in a tertiary care hospital. Cornea. 2004;23(6):597-601.

Giri PA, Phalke DB, Phalke VD. Awareness and perception about eye donation amongst interns of Rural Medical College Loni, Maharashtra. Indian Medical Gazette. 2010;CXLIV(1):36-38.

Nekar MS, Lokare L, Gokhale SA, Godbole M, Mulkipatil SY. Awareness of eye donation among college students of Hubli city, Karnataka. Int J Biomed Res. 2012;3(4):201‐4.

Singh M, Bharadwaj A, Ahliwalia SK, Saini S, Qadri S. Eye donation: perception and promoting factors among medical students. Indian J Community Health. 2012;3(24):175-8.