DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20173834

Seroprevalence of hepatitis B and hepatitis C in people who inject drugs and other high risk groups in a tertiary care hospital in Northeast India

Arup Roy, Praveen Sh, Kh Sulochana Devi, Paotinlal Haokip, Gracy Laldinmawii, S. Damrolien

Abstract


Background: Viral hepatitis is a serious public health problem affecting billions of people globally. The Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C virus (HCV) are blood borne pathogens, frequently causing deaths among general and various high risk populations. This study was carried out with the aim to determine the seroprevalence of HBV and HCV in people who inject drugs (PWID) and other risk groups.

Methods: A cross-sectional study carried out in the Dept. of Microbiology, RIMS, Imphal from October 2014 to September 2016. 103 high risk individuals, including PWID, spouse of high risk people, unprotected sex with female sex worker (FSW), multiple partners (MP), men having sex with men (MSM) and needle prick injuries were included in this study. Serum samples were tested using Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

Results: Out of 103 cases, 87.4% were males and 12.6% females. PWID comprised of 49.5%. Seroprevalence of HBV was 17.4%, anti HBc IgG 16.5% and anti HBc IgM 0.9%. Seroprevalence of HCV was 41.7%, anti HCV IgG 39.8% and anti HCV IgM 1.9%. The rate of HBV and HCV coinfection was 9.7%. Among the PWID seroprevalence of HBV and HCV was 17.6% and 64.7% respectively.

Conclusions: This study determines the current status of acute and chronic infection with HBV and HCV in high risk populations. Anti HBc IgG & IgM and anti HCV IgG and IgM are sensitive epidemiological markers to determine the burden of the disease. 


Keywords


HBV, HCV, PWID, Coinfection

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