Epidemiology of domestic violence among married women: a community based cross-sectional study
Keywords:Domestic Violence, Epidemiology, Married Women, Cross - Sectional
Background: Domestic violence is a global issue, reaching across national boundaries as well as socio-economic, cultural, racial and class distributions. Domestic violence is among the most underreported crimes worldwide for both men and women. Globally, the victims of domestic violence are overwhelmingly women, and women tend to experience more severe forms of violence.
Methods: It was a Community based Cross-sectional study. The study was carried out in the rural and urban area of Surendranagar district. Total 600 married women of 15-49 years of age were selected randomly. The information gathered was based on self-administered questionnaire. Strict confidentiality was maintained.
Results: Out of total 600 women, 38.5% were victims of domestic violence in one form or the other. Out of these 231 victims, 134 respondents were from rural area and 97 respondents were from urban area. The study results revealed that age at marriage, literacy status of women and their husband, their occupational status, type of family and socio-economic class has significant impact on prevalence of domestic violence.
Conclusions: Domestic violence is more prevalent among uneducated, backward and economically disadvantaged women.
Krug et al. World report on violence and health. World Health Organization, 2002.
A/RES/48/104, 85th plenary meeting, 20 December, 1993, Article I, Available from: www.un.org/documents/ga/res/48/a48r104.htm. Accessed on 25 January 2016.
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, Fact Sheet: National Family Health Survey (NFHS) III 2005-06.
WHO Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence against Women. Available at: www.who.int/gender/violence /who_multicountry_ study/en/. Accessed on 25 January 2016.
NFHS-III: Violence Against Women in India. Available at: hetv.org/ india/nfhs/nfhs3/NFHS-3-Domestic-Violence. Accessed on 25 January 2016.
Yugantar Education Society. A Study of Nature, Extent, Incidence and Impact of Domestic Violence among women in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. Ministry of Human Resource Development, New Delhi, 2002.
Mahapatro M, Gupta RN, Gupta V. The risk factor of domestic violence in India. Indian J Community Med. 2012;37(3):153-7.
Martin S, Moracco K, Garro J, Tsui A, Kupper L, Chase J. Domestic Violence Across Generations: Findings from North India. Int J Epidemiol. 2002;31(3):560-72.
Mitra S. Domestic violence along with its sociocultural determinants among pregnant women attending MCH clinic of subdivisional hospital in West Bengal. Indian J Community Med. 2006;31(4):267-9.
Bhattacharya A, Basu M, Das P, Sarkar AP, Das PK, Roy B. Domestic violence: A hidden and deeply rooted health issue in India. South East Asia J Public Health. 2013;3(1):17-23.
Prasad BG. Social Classification of Indian families. J Indian Med Assoc. 1961;37:250-1.