Knowledge score regarding contraceptive methods among married women in urban areas of Belagavi


  • Kruthika K. Postgraduate,Department of Community Medicine,Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College,Belagavi
  • Chandra S. Metgud



Contraceptive prevalence, Married women, Knowledge score, Urban area


Background: Increase in population growth is one of the biggest problems faced from many developing countries including India. Contraception plays an important role to halt population growth but is one of the most deserted part of maternal and child health care. Even after India being the first country to launch the family planning programme still the prevalence of contraceptive use is low which in turn increases the maternal and infant mortality rate. Objectives: 1.To assesses the knowledge score regarding contraceptive methods. 2. To study the association between knowledge and practice of contraception

Methods: A community based cross sectional study was conducted among 600 married women aged 15 to 44 years residing in three urban field practice area of Department of Community Medicine, J.N. Medical College, Belagavi. Information was collected using pretested, predesigned questionnaire and knowledge scoring was done.

Results: In the present study, the prevalence of contraceptive use was 58.8%, among these 16.0% were condom user,18.9% were using IUCD, 4.3% using  rhythm method, 3.3% using OCPs and 16.3% were practicing sterilization method. According to knowledge score, sterilization and Condom methods had the highest scores and injectables least. In general as the knowledge score increased, the practice of contraception also increased.

Conclusions: By the results we can conclude that increase in knowledge regarding contraceptives will increase the usage. This can be done by proper counselling for both husband and wife and providing proper information regarding contraceptive by removing their blind beliefs. 

Author Biography

Kruthika K., Postgraduate,Department of Community Medicine,Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College,Belagavi

Postgraduate,Department of Community Medicine,Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College,Belagavi -590010.Karnataka,India


Khan NR, Jerifa S. Prevalence of contraceptive use among married women of reproductive age groups in a rural area of Bangladesh. J Dhaka Med Coll. 2014;23(1):7-13.

Lakshmi MM, Neetha, Rai S. Contraceptive practices among reproductive age of women in justice K.S. Hegde Medical College Hospital, Mangalore. Int J Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics Gynaecol. 2013;2(1):39-46.

Balgir RS, Singh S, Kaur P, Verma G, Kaur S. Contraceptive practices adopted by women attending an urban health centre in Punjab, India. Int J Res Develop Health. 2013;1(3):115-9.

Nanda J, Adak DK, Bharati P. Contraceptive practices among adolescent married women in Tamil Nadu, India. Asian Pacific J Trop Dis. 2011;137-141.

Girdhar S, Chaudhary A, Gill P, Soni R, Sachar R. Contraceptive Practices And Related Factors Among Married Women In A Rural Area Of Ludhiana. Int J Health. 2009;12(1):1-4.

India: National family Health Survey 3 (NFHS 3) 2005-06. Mumbai, India: International Institute of Population Sciences; 2007. [cited 2015 August 8] Available from: http://www.mumbaidp24seven.

in/reference/FRIND3_VoII_Oct_17_2008.pdf. Accessed on 3 January 2017.

Blanc A. The effects of power in sexual relationships on sexual and reproductive health: An examination of the evidence. Studies in Family Planning. 2001;32(3):189-213.

Rizvi A, Mohan U, Singh SK, Singh VK. Assessment of knowledge of contraceptives and its practice among married women in urban slums of Lucknow district. Indian J Community Health. 2013;25(1):6-11.

Patro BK, Kant S, Baridalyne N, Goswami AK. Contraceptive practice among married women in a resetttement colony of Delhi. Health and Population- Perspectives and Issues. 2005;28(1):9-16.

Pandey SM. Correlates of modern contraceptive practices among married couples in rural area of Hisar, (Haryana). Indian J Prev Soc Med. 2011;42(3):273-7.




How to Cite

K., K., & Metgud, C. S. (2017). Knowledge score regarding contraceptive methods among married women in urban areas of Belagavi. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 4(4), 1303–1306.



Original Research Articles