Published: 2022-10-29

Starting travel health clinics in India: need, scope, structure and role of points of entry

Achhelal Ramashankar Pasi


Travel medicine is a new interdisciplinary field that has the ultimate goal to keep the travelers free from infectious diseases. Increase in international travel increases the risk of acquiring and transmitting travel-related illnesses and other health exposures. International travellers need to be adequately educated and advised by health care providers about potential health related risks. However, only a fraction of international travellers seeks pretravel health advice.Possible reason for not availing pretravel health services is non-availability of specifically trained health professionals to counsel patients on travel-related health risks. A pretravel individual health risk assessment, health checkups and counselling could be very beneficial to the traveler. In India, there are more than 40 points of entry (PoEs). These PoEs are evenly distributed across the country and have adequate infrastructure and trained manpower in accordance to the international health regulations (IHR)-2005. Resources (Infrastructure, trained manpower and experience of implementing international health) available at PoEs may be very well utilised to provide travel health services to international travellers. 


Travel health clinic, Travel medicine, PoEs, Travel health kit, International travel, Scope and structure

Full Text:



Aw B, Boraston S, Botten D, Cherniwchan D, Fazal H, Kelton T et al. Travel medicine: what's involved? When to refer? Can Fam Physician. 2014;60(12):1091-103.

United Nations World Tourism Organization. UNWTO tourism highlights: 2013 edition. Madrid, Sp: World Tourism Organization; 2013. Available at: https://www.wtoelibrary. org/content/hq4538/fulltext.pdf. Accessed on 23 August, 2022.

Marc TM, Shaw CS. Wong. In Chapter 4; Setting up a travel clinic. Essential Travel Medicine. 1st ed. UK. John Wiley and Sons. 2015;35-44.

Hamer DH, Connor BA. Travel Health Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices among United States Travelers. J Travel Med. 2004;1(1):23-6.

Total contribution of travel and tourism to GDP in India from 2013 to 2021. 2022. Available at: Accessed on 22 August 2022.

Kulkarni GK. Need for travel health services in India. Indian J Occup Environ Med. 2015;19(2):69-70.

Number of departures of Indian nationals from 2000 to 2020. 2021. Available at: https://www.statista. com/statistics/207009/number-of-outbound-visits-of-indian-nationals-from-india-since-2000/. Accessed on 22, August, 2022.

Keystone JS, Dismukes R, Sawyer L, Kozarsky PE. Inadequacies in health recommendations provided for international travellers by North American travel health advisors. J Travel Med. 1994;1(2):72-8.

Bui YG, Trepanier S, Milord F, Blackburn M, Provost S, Gagnon S. Cases of malaria, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever among VFRs, Quebec (Canada) J Travel Med. 2011;18(6):373-8.

Van Herck K, Van Damme P, Castelli F, Zuckerman J, Nothdurft H, Dahlgren AL et al. Knowledge, attitudes and practices in travel-related infectious diseases: the European airport survey. J Travel Med. 2004;11(1):3-8.

Boggild AK, Castelli F, Gautret P, Torresi J, Von Sonnenburg F, Barnett ED et al. Vaccine preventable diseases in returned international travellers: results from the Geo Sentinel Surveillance Network. Vaccine. 2010;28(46):7389-95.

Committee to Advise on Tropical Medicine and Travel Guidelines for the practice of travel medicine. An Advisory Committee Statement (ACS) Can Commun Dis Rep. 2009;35(ACS-8):1-14.

IHR POE. Available at: https://ihpoe.mohfw. Accessed on 22, August, 2022.

IHPOE. Available at: in/vaccination_centres.php. Accessed on 22 August, 2022.