Published: 2022-08-26

Early and late complication of sleeve gastrectomy

Noora O. Rahimuddin, Wael K. Alanazi, Reham M. Alabdulhadi, Abdullah A. Alwakeel, Thamer A. Alanazi, Reem M. Alyousef, Abdullah M. Alzahrani, Fahad S. Aldhafeeri, Maram N. Alawad, Gaith A. Sabrah, Abdulaziz N. Alshahrani


The rate of obesity is on rise worldwide and almost 13% of the global population is obese leading to development of various other diseases and complications. Lack of effective outcome from conventional approach for weight control and loss is causing a transition among people to approach for bariatric surgeries. Sleeve gastrectomy is one of the surgical techniques of bariatric surgery aimed to achieve weight loss. Like any other surgical procedure, it also has certain post-operative complications associated with it. The complications of sleeve gastrectomy are further divided into early and late phase. The purpose of this research is to review the available information about early and late complication of sleeve gastrectomy. In the surgical treatment of morbid obesity, sleeve gastrectomy is the most widely performed bariatric procedure. It is a minimally invasive and risk-free surgery with a low risk of complications and death. The complication rates for early and late complication range from 5.4% to 7.3%, with incidence of serious complications ranging from 1.2% to 2.2%. Early complications include bleeding such as intraluminal or extraluminal, a leak in the staple line, and the formation of an abscess. While gastric stenosis, nutritional shortages, mediastinal pouch migration, and the development or worsening of gastroesophageal reflux disease are all late consequences. Older age, male sex, increased body mass index, smoking, and comorbidities are considered the risk factors for the development of complications of sleeve gastrectomy. Overall, sleeve gastrectomy is considered a safe and effective surgical weight loss technique.


Early, Late, Complication, Sleeve, Gastrectomy

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