DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20222200
Published: 2022-08-26

A critical study of the difference in general health between physically active and inactive people: secondary data analysis and report

Nay Thiha, Pa Pa Soe, Francois Xavier Babin, Louis Delorme, Hla Hla Win, Philippe Clevenbergh

Abstract


Background: The aim of the study was to provide evidence-based information on the difference in the general health of physically active and inactive people considering their physical and mental health and quality of life.

Methods: This study report was prepared using the dataset from the survey of health, ageing, and retirement in Europe (SHARE) after completing three registration steps for data access at http://www.share-project.org. The dataset included 77,261 participants, all persons 50 years and above from 28 European countries. SHARE data collection of wave 7 took place in European countries in 2017.

Results: In this study, there was a statistically significant difference in general health between people who are physically active and inactive, considering their mental health (depression, suicidality, sleep, and irritability, fatigue, and concentration levels), physical health (BMI), quality of life, and grip strength. The adjusted odds ratio showed a significant difference between the physical activities regarding depression, suicidality, fatigue, concentration, maximum grip, BMI, and quality of life. Sleep and irritability have no significant impact after adjusting the confounders such as max grip, quality of life, general awareness, and BMI.

Conclusions: The study results support the research hypothesis that there is a statistically significant difference in general health between physically active and inactive people considering their mental health. The results confirm that unsound mental health, unhealthy weight, and poor grip strength were significantly higher among physically inactive people.


Keywords


Grip strength, Mental health, Physical activity, Quality of life

Full Text:

PDF

References


MacLachlan M, Banes D, Bell D, Borg J, Donnelly B, Fembek M, et al. Assistive technology policy: a position paper from the first global research, innovation, and education on assistive technology (GREAT) summit. Disabil Rehabil Assist Tech. 2018;13(5):454-66.

WHO. International Health Regulations. 2022. Available from: https://www.who.int/health-topics/international-health-regulations#tab=tab_1. Accessed on 7 January 2022.

Wang J, Liu S, Li G, Xiao J. Exercise regulates the immune system. Phys Exer Hum Health. 2020;395-408.

Ballesteros S, Voelcker-Rehage C, Bherer L. Cognitive and brain plasticity induced by physical exercise, cognitive training, video games, and combined interventions. Front Hum Neurosci. 20187;12.

Wegner M, Budde H. The exercise effect on mental health in children and adolescents. In: The Exercise Effect on Mental Health. CRC Press; 2018:113-137.

Fenny AP, Yates R, Thompson R. Strategies for financing social health insurance schemes for providing universal health care: a comparative analysis of five countries. Glob Health Act. 2021;14(1).

Sozen H, edr. Fitness Medicine. BoD-Books on Demand; 2016.

Galper DI, Trivedi MH, Barlow CE, Dunn AL, Kampert JB. Inverse association between physical inactivity and mental health in men and women. Med Sci Sport Exer. 2006;38(1):173-8.

Institute of Medicine. The Future of the Public’s Health in the 21st Century. Generations. 2002;29(2):82.

Foreman C, Smith WB, Caughey GE, Shakib S. Categorization of adverse drug reactions in electronic health records. Pharmacol Res Perspect. 2020;8(2).

Ekkekakis PE, Cook DB, Craft LL, Culos-Reed S, Etnier JL, Hamer ME, et al. Routledge handbook of physical activity and mental health. Routledge/Taylor and Francis Group; 2013.

Carless D, Douglas K. Sport and physical activity for mental health. John Wiley and Sons; 2011.

Borsch-Supan A, Brandt M, Hunkler C, Kneip T, Korbmacher J, Malter F, et al. Data resource profile: the Survey of health, ageing and retirement in Europe (SHARE). Int J Epidemiol. 2013;42(4):992-1001.

Prince MJ, Reischies F, Beekman ATF, Fuhrer R, Jonker C, Kivela SL, et al. Development of the EURO-D scale-a European Union initiative to compare symptoms of depression in 14 European centres. Br J Psychiatr. 1999;174(4):330-8.

Luzi L. Cellular physiology and metabolism of physical exercise. Springer; 2012.

Hyde M, Wiggins RD, Higgs P, Blane DB. A measure of quality of life in early old age: The theory, development and properties of a needs satisfaction model (CASP-19). Aging Ment Health. 2003 May;7(3):186-94.

Hood VSDFA. Role of physical exercise in preventing disease and improving the quality of life. Milano: Springer Milan; 2007.

Hibbert C. 8 Keys to Mental Health Through Exercise (8 Keys to Mental Health). WW Norton and Company; 2016.

NAP. Educating the student body. Institute of Medicine; 2013.

Kanosue K, Oshima S, Cao ZB, Oka K. Physical activity, exercise, sedentary behavior and health. Springer; 2015.

Nie Y, Ma Y, Wu Y, Li J, Liu T, Zhang C, et al. Association between physical exercise and mental health during the COVID-19 outbreak in China: a nationwide cross-sectional study. Front Psychiatr. 2021;12.

Giménez-Meseguer J, Tortosa-Martínez J, Cortell-Tormo J. The benefits of physical exercise on mental disorders and quality of life in substance use disorders patients. Systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(10):3680.