DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20151565

A community based cross-sectional study to identify individuals at high risk for diabetes in urban slums of Hubli

Anjana P., Dattatreya D. Bant

Abstract


Background: India is called as the Diabetes Capital of the world, harbouring nearly 62 million cases.  The present study was conducted to identify the individuals at risk for diabetes in the urban slum of Hubli and to assess the risk factors for Diabetes among them.

Methods:It was a Community based cross-sectional study. Multistage sampling was done recruiting 200 adults >20 years. They were interviewed using a prestructured questionnaire about risk factors for diabetes followed by the Anthropometry. Chi-square test, t test and multinomial Regression analysis were applied. P value <0.05 was considered as statistically significant.

Results: Individuals who are at high risk of diabetes according to Indian Diabetic Risk Score constitutes upto 45%; followed by 31% in medium and 24% in low risk category. 43% belonged to age group of 20-35 years, 66% were leading sedentary lifestyle, 4.5% have both parents diabetic and 65.5% are centrally obese. 67% were having high waist to hip ratio and 71% were having high waist to height ratio. There was a significant difference in the mean weight and height between the males and females in the study. Age, Sex, Body Mass Index, Positive family History, Physical activity, Blood pressure, Waist score, Waist/Height ratio were significantly associated with the risk categories.

Conclusions:The magnitude of high risk individuals for diabetes in urban slums is high. Regular Screening programs will help in early detection and appropriate intervention to prevent/delay the progression to diabetes and its complications.


Keywords


Body mass index, Diabetes mellitus, Obesity, Risk factors, Sedentary lifestyle, Waist-height ratio, Waist-hip ratio

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