DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20184250

Gastroenteritis in adults

Burair Al Jassas, Marwan Khayat, Hussin Alzahrani, Aghareed Asali, Salem Alsohaimi, Hesham ALHarbi, Mouad AlQadi, Mohammed AlQassim, Afraa Mutahar, Mamdouh Mahbub

Abstract


Gastroenteritis is the inflammation of intestines and stomach which presents with vomiting, fever, abdominal pain and diarrhea. It could be persistent, acute, or chronic, and can also be classified as infectious or non-infectious. Despite improvement in management, the mortality can reach up to 17,000. In this study, our aim was to understand the various etiologies that cause gastroenteritis in adults, and also discuss methods of management. We conducted this review using a comprehensive search of MEDLINE, PubMed and EMBASE from January 1994 to March 2017. The following search terms were used: acute gastroenteritis, diarrheal disease, viral gastroenteritis, bacterial gastroenteritis, diagnoses of gastroenteritis. Each year, more than 350 million cases of acute gastroenteritis occur in the United States only. The largest portion of gastroenteritis cases is due to viral infections. Therefore, the empiric use of antibiotics is usually not recommended. However, in selected patients, empiric antibiotics therapy is indicated and is associated with significant improvement and decrease in mortality. The primary goal of management of gastroenteritis is treating dehydration.


Keywords


Gastroenteritis, Diarrheal diseases, Dehydration

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