DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20184220

Prevalence of anemia amongst preschool children in rural field practice area of medical college, Mumbai, Maharashtra

Janardhan R. Bandi, Sanket A. Bari

Abstract


Background: Anemia is a public health problem all over globe affecting both developed and developing countries. A situational analysis of local field practice area could ensure proper planning of preventive strategies. The objectives of the study were to assess the prevalence and distribution of anemia in preschool children in rural field practice area of medical college, Mumbai.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted amongst 280 preschool children in the field practice area of Department of Community Medicine of T. N. Medical College, Mumbai during the period of May 2016 to April 2017. Hemoglobin colour scale indicator was used to grade the anemia.

Results: Majority of children had mild anemia (43.93%) followed by moderate to severe anemia. Female children had (23.21%) mild anemia followed by (18.93%) moderate anemia and (2.86%) severe anemia. Male children had (20.71%) mild anemia followed by (16.07%) moderate anemia and (3.21%) severe anemia. There was no significant association of anemia with gender in pre-school children. Age, religion, socio-economic status and parent’s education showed significant association with presence of anemia.

Conclusions: Anemia still remains a public health problem in the rural area. Early and targeted interventions with regular follow up need to be undertaken at grass root level to reduce its prevalence in the population.


Keywords


Anemia, Rural area, Preschool children, Prevalence

Full Text:

PDF

References


Kumar V, Abbas AK, Jon C. Asterpetal, Red blood cell and bleeding disorders. Robbins & Cotran Pathologic basis of disease. 9th edition. 2010: 629-656.

Subramaniam G, Girish M. Iron deficiency anemia in children. Indian J Pediatr. 2015;82(6):558-64.

Baker RD, Greer FR. Clinical Report- Diagnosis and prevention of iron deficiency and iron-deficiency anemia in infants and young children (0–3 years of age). Pediatrics. 2010.

International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS) and Macro International. (2007). National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), 2005–06: India.

Sheet IF. NFHS-4 (National Family Health Survey-4). International Institute for Population Studies. 2017.

Arlappa N, Balakrishna N, Laxmaiah A., Brahmam GNV. Prevalence of anaemia among rural pre-school children of West Bengal, India. Ann Human Biol. 2010;37(2):231-42.

Darshana GT, Uluwaduge DI. Validation of the WHO Hemoglobin Color Scale Method. Anemia. 2014.

Padhi BK, Baker KK, Dutta A, Cumming O, Freeman MC, Satpathy R, Panigrahi P. Risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes among women practicing poor sanitation in rural India: a population-based prospective cohort study. PLoS Med. 2015;12(7):e1001851.