DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20184600

Cardiovascular disease risk factors among auto rickshaw drivers of Mangaluru

Animesh Gupta, Shubhankar Adhikari

Abstract


Background: Cardiovascular diseases are considered as one of the leading causes of death in developed countries as well as in developing country. Auto rikshaw drivers are at more risk of developing cardiovascular disease because of harmful lifestyle like irregular eating habits, addictions, insufficient sleep, stressful occupational conditions and sedentary lifestyle.

Methods: Cross sectional descriptive study was conducted among auto rickshaw drivers working in Mangaluru. Data was collected regarding risk factors and general physical examination, anthropometric examination, systemic examination was done. Laboratory investigation was done for diabetes and dyslipidemia.

Results: The mean age of study participants was 42.75±10.26. The prevalence of physical inactivity, hypertension and diabetes were 70%, 29.6% and 14.2% respectively.

Conclusions: Physical inactivity, obesity, tobacco consumption and dyslipidemia were the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease.


Keywords


Auto rikshaw drivers, CVD risk factors, Diabetes, Hypertension

Full Text:

PDF

References


Goyal A, Yusuf S. The burden of cardiovascular disease in the Indian subcontinent. Indian J Med Res. 2006;124:235–44.

Gupta R, Guptha S, Sharma KK, Gupta A, Deedwania P. Regional variations in cardiovascular risk factors in India: India heart watch. World J Cardiol. 2012;4(4):112-20.

Kumar M, Singh S, Ghate AT, Pal S, Wilson SA. Informal Public Transport Modes in India: A Case Study of Five City Regions. IATSS Res. 2016;39:102-9.

Whitelegg J. Health of professional drivers – A report for transport & general workers union. Eco-Logica Ltd, White cross, Lancaster, LA1 4XQ. 1995.

Sinha AK, Shasikala M. Assessment of stress among auto-rickshaw drivers in Bangalore city-a cross sectional study. Int J Public Mental Health Neurosci. 2015;2(1):45-7.

Ravi KE, Vijay K. AIDS awareness among taxi drivers. Indian J STD. 2004;25(1):3-8.

Nasri H, Moazenzadeh M. Coronary artery dis. risk factors in driving versus other occupations. ARYA J. 2006;2(2):75-8.

Chobanion AV, Bakris GL, Black HR. The seventh report of the joint national committee on prevention, detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure, The JNC 7 report. JAMA. 2003;289:2560-72.

Misra A, Sharma R, Gulati S, Joshi SR, Sharma V, Ghafoorunissa, et al. Consensus dietary guidelines for healthy living and prevention of obesity, the metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and related disorders in Asian Indians. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2011;13(6):683–94.

WHO (2012), Prevention and control of Non Communicable Diseases: Guidelines for Primary health care in low resource settings. Available at: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/76173/9789241548397_eng.pdf;jsessionid=A4883E24BD1319C3067669A9626DF5F1?sequence=1. Accessed on 10 October 2018.

National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection E, Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in A. Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III) final report. Circulation. 2002;106(25):3143-421.

Singh T, Sharma S, Nagesh S. Socio-economic status scales updated for 2017. Int J Res Med Sci. 2017;5:3264-7.

Melwani V, Priya A, Toppo M, Sethia S, Khan A, Melwani S. Study to assess the socio-demographic profile, health status and working conditions of auto-rickshaw drivers in Bhopal. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2018;5:1323-6.

Girish HO, Senan P, Koppad R, Venugopalan PP. Risk factors of cardiovascular diseases among auto-rickshaw drivers of Kannur, North Kerala: a cross-sectional study. Int J Community Med Public Health 2016;3:3395-8.

Chaudhary S, Nagargoje M, Kubde S, Gupta S, Mishra S. Prevalence of cardio-vascular disease (CVD) risk factors among auto-rickshaw drivers. Indian J Community Health. 2011;23(1):32-4.

Jain S, Yuwane P. A study of cardiovascular disease risk factor among auto rikshaw drivers in Gwalior City, M.P. Int J Medical Health Res. 2018;4(4):162-5.