DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20184561

Knowledge and vaccination status on hepatitis B among the students of Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Bangladesh

M. Sabbir Ahmed, M. Wahidur Rahman, Fahmida Fayeza, Tarana Sharmin

Abstract


Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a serious global public health problem as well as in Bangladesh. The most common liver disease in Bangladesh is viral hepatitis. Bangladesh is an intermediate endemic zone for hepatitis B virus infection. Research shows that about 10 million people in Bangladesh have been suffering from hepatitis B.

Methods: The research was a cross-sectional survey and appropriate statistical formula was used to select 341 respondents randomly. The data were collected through a pre-designed, pre-structured questionnaire, which was distributed among the students. All the data was analysed using Microsoft Excel 2013.

Results: Most of the respondent 95% knew about hepatitis B and about 87% knew that it is a viral infection. About 69% students respond that hepatitis B can increase liver cancer. Among the respondents, 76% supported that hepatitis B can be transmitted by blood transfusion. Most of the students 82% supported blood transfusion as a causative factor and 67% informed that jaundice is the major sign and symptoms of hepatitis B. More than half of the students 53% reported that they were vaccinated for hepatitis B. The major reasons for not taking vaccination were lack of free time and lack of feeling of necessity for vaccination.

Conclusions: The overall knowledge and vaccination status on hepatitis B virus was not satisfactory. Different types of seminars and campaigns on hepatitis B, arranged by university will help to increase the student’s level of knowledge on hepatitis B.


Keywords


Hepatitis B, Knowledge, Vaccination, University students, Bangladesh

Full Text:

PDF

References


Lee WM. Hepatitis B virus infection. New England J Med. 1997;337(24):1733-45.

Lin C-L, Kao J-H. Hepatitis B viral factors and clinical outcomes of chronic hepatitis B. J Biomed Sci. 2008;15(2):137-45.

Al-Hussami M. Knowledge and acceptance of hepatitis B vaccine. Int J Healthcare Admin. 2004;2(1).

Malik AH, Lee WM. Chronic hepatitis B virus infection: treatment strategies for the next millennium. Ann Internal Med. 2000;132(9):723-31.

Huq S, Hossain SM, Haque SMT, Akter S. Knowledge, attitude and practice on hepatitis-B infection among infected patients in a Homoeopathy Medical Center in Dhaka City, Bangladesh. South East Asia J Public Health. 2016;6(1):27-31.

Alam S, Azam G, Mustafa G, Alam M, Ahmad N. Past, present, and future of hepatitis B and fatty liver in Bangladesh. Gastroenterol Hepatol Open Access. 2017;6(3):197.

Healthline. Hepatitis B. Available at: https://www. healthline.com/health/hepatitis-b. Accessed on 4 September 2018.

World Health Organization (WHO). Hepatitis B- Fact Sheet. Available at: http://www.who.int/ mediacentre/factsheets/fs204_Jul2014/en/. Accessed 4 September 2018.

Ahad MA, Guho A, Alim MA. Antibody Titer and Sex Difference After Recombinant Hepatitis B Vaccination. Medicine Today. 2011;23(2):91-6.

Afrin N. Survey on Hepatitis B Knowledge and Awareness among the university students of Bangladesh. 2017.

Hwang JP, Huang C-H, Yi JK. Knowledge about hepatitis B and predictors of hepatitis B vaccination among Vietnamese American college students. J Am Coll Health. 2008;56(4):377-82.

Mehriban N, Ahsan GU, Islam T. Knowledge and preventive practices regarding Hepatitis B among nurses in some selected hospitals of Dhaka city, Bangladesh. South East Asia Journal of Public Health. 2015;4(1):48-52.

Giri PA, Phalke DB. Knowledge and vaccination status of hepatitis B amongst medical interns of Rural Medical College, Loni, Maharashtra, India. South East Asia J Public Health. 2014;3(2):19-22.