DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20184590

Morbidity pattern and its correlates among adolescent girls residing in rural and urban areas of Haldwani, India

Neha Goyal

Abstract


Background: Adolescent girls are vulnerable to different morbidities as their health is a confluence of diverse factors, with the profile of disease burden varying from early adolescent girls of 10-14 years age, to late adolescent girls of 15-19 years age.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was done in rural and urban schools of Haldwani block of district Nainital. Multistage random sampling was used to select adolescent girls of 10 to 19 years of age, who were clinically examined and interviewed. Data was analysed using SPSS v21. Statistically significant association was established by Chi-square test.

Results: Common morbidities found among adolescent girls were menstrual problems (54.81%), malnutrition including nutritional deficiencies (54.03%), refractive errors (31.17%), hair problems (28.31%) and dental problems (28.18%). General morbidity was present among 51.69% and 61.47% of rural and urban girls respectively. 123 (15.97%) and 97 (12.60%) were found to suffer from skin diseases and respiratory diseases respectively.

Conclusions: This study revealed a high prevalence of various morbid conditions among adolescent girls despite of various ongoing measures addressing them.


Keywords


Morbidity, Adolescent girls, Rural, Urban

Full Text:

PDF

References


Global Accelerated Action for the Health of Adolescents (AA-HA!): guidance to support country implementation. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2017:19. Available at: http://www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/topics/adolescence/framework-accelerated-action/en/. Accessed 19 August 2018.

Government of India. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi. RKSK Strategy Handbook; 2014: 32-33. Available at: http://nhm.gov.in/images/ pdf/programmes/RKSK/RKSK_Strategy_Handbook.pdf. Accessed 19 August 2018.

Park K. Demography and Family Planning. Text Book of Preventive and Social Medicine. 24th ed. Jabalpur: Banarasi Das Bhanot; 2017: 516.

Viner RM, Ozer EM, Denny S, Marmot M, Resnick M, Fatusi A, et al. Adolescence and the social determinants of health. Lancet. 2012;379(9826):1641-52.

Sachan B, Idris MZ, Jain S, Kumari R, Singh A. Social determinants and its influence on the prevalence of morbidity among adolescent girls. North Am J Med Sci. 2012;4:474-8.

Arya V, Chaturvedi S. Comparative study on morbidity pattern among adolescent schoolgirls in rural and urban school of Jhansi. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018;7(5):345-8.

Eram U, Tamanna Z, Khalique N. Study of morbidity pattern among adolescent girls in rural areas of Aligarh. Int J of Current Advanced Res. 2016;5(11):1455-7.

Jain K, Agrawal D, Gupta SK. High Morbidity among Urban Adolescent Females: A Cause for Concern. Int J of Contemporary Medical Res. 2016;3(4):961-4.

Bhattacharya A, Basu M, Chatterjee S, Misra RN, Chowdhury G. Nutritional status and morbidity profile of school-going adolescents in a district of West Bengal. Muller J Med Sci Res. 2015;6:10-5

Bashar A, Aggarwal AK, Pilania M. A Study to Assess Pattern of Morbidities among Adolescents under School Health Program from A rural Block of North India. National J Community Med. 2017;8(12):721-5.

Hari Krishna BN, Sreedhar M, Madhukeerthi. Cross sectional Study on Nutritional Status and Morbidity pattern among School going Adolescents in Rural Health Training Centre, Patancheru, Hyderabad District-Telangana. Indian J of Basic and Applied Medical Res. 2017;6(3):5-9.

Yerpude PN, Jogdand KS, Jogdand M. A study of health status among school going adolescent girls in South India. Int J Health Sc Res. 2013;3(11):8-12.

Sinha S, Gupta P, Sachan B, Kumar S, Kumari S. A study on the morbidity pattern in adolescent school girls. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017;4:1901-5.

Basu M, Das P, Srivastava RK. Growth and morbidity pattern of students of urban girls’ school in Gujarat. Indian J Prev Soc Med. 2012;43(1):62-7.

Mohanta M, Dasgupta A, Pan T, Paul B, Bandyopadhyay L, Mandal S. An epidemiological study on ocular morbidities among school students in an urban area of South 24 Parganas, West Bengal. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2018;5:3454-8.

Joice S, Velavan A, Natesan M, Singh Z, Purty AJ, Hector H. Assessment of Nutritional Status and Morbidity Pattern among School Children of Rural Puducherry. Acad Med J India. 2013;15:1(1).

Susmitha KM, Jyothi C, Prabakaran J. Morbidity Pattern among the Adolescent girls: A study in the social welfare hostels for scheduled caste, Nellore city, A.P., India. Nat J Res Com Med. 2012;1:35-40.

Wasnik V, Rao BS, Rao D. A Study of the Health Status of Early adolescent Girls residing in Social Welfare Hostels in Vizianagaram district of Andhra Pradesh State, India. Int J Collaborative Res Internal Med Public Health. 2012;4(1):72-83.

Charitha T, Kumar DK, Susmitha KM, Prabakaran J. Morbidity Pattern among Adolescent girls in urban slums of Kurnool town, Andhra Pradesh, India. National J Res in Community Med. 2017;6(1):18-22.

Nirmala.C, Jayakumari.C, Mayadevi.B, Nandini V.R. Reproductive Morbidity and Endocrinological Profile of Unmarried Adolescent Girls (16-18 years) in Urban Setting. JMSCR. 2017;5(3):19209-13.