DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20183885

A study on awareness regarding HIV/AIDS among medical students in Kancheepuram district, Tamil Nadu

L. Neerajaa, M. Vijayakarthikeyan, R. Umadevi

Abstract


Background: India has the third largest number of people living with HIV/AIDS. India is estimated to have 75,900 new adults with HIV infections. The prevalence of HIV infection was 0.7% in India, 0.26% in Tamil Nadu in the year 2017. HIV related stigma remains an important barrier in effectively fighting against HIV/AIDS. The objectives of the study were to assess knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS among medical students and to assess attitude towards HIV/AIDS among medical students.

Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted among 1st year undergraduates of Sree Balaji Medical College. Sample size was calculated using 4pq/L2, computed to a total of 240. Data collection was done using pretested structured questionnaire, containing 7 questions and 5 questions regarding knowledge and attitude towards HIV/AIDS respectively. Data was entered in MS excel and analysed using SPSS software version 22.

Results: Among the participtants, 46% were male and 54% were female. 91% of study participants had adequate knowledge (94% knew that HIV was preventable, 89% knew about the mode of spread, 90% knew about transmission prevention) and 84% of the study participants had good attitude.

Conclusions: This knowledge and attitude study was to assess the current level of knowledge among first year MBBS students about AIDS at the point of entry to medical course. Few misconceptions were found to exist regarding mode of transmission and prevention. Awareness programmes should be initiated among the MBBS students in the first year itself, so that these lacunae can be rectified.


Keywords


Awareness, STD, Risky behaviour, ICTC

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