DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20184583

A study to evaluate scope of preventive strategies in modifiable risk factors of hypertension

Medha Mathur, Navgeet Mathur

Abstract


Background: Hypertension is a vascular disorder associated with high morbidity and mortality. Risk factor prevention plays key role in control of the non-communicable diseases. Current study was conducted to assess prevalence of risk factors related to hypertensive patients.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted for the period of six months (January to June 2018). Total 672 hypertensive patients were included in this study and subjected to evaluation of modifiable risk factors like obesity, lack of exercise, smoking, dyslipidemia and pre-existing diabetes mellitus along with non-modifiable risk factors like positive family history and age.

Results: On risk factor evaluation of 672 hypertensive patients it was found that 601(89.4%) patients had lack of exercise, 210 (31.2%) patients had dyslipidemia, 190 (28.2%) patients were smokers, 164 (24.4%) patients had diabetes mellitus before emergence of hypertension, 132 (19.6%) patients were obese and 498 (74.1%) patient had age more than 60 years, 94 (13.9%) patients had family history of hypertension.

Conclusions: High prevalence of risk factors for this non-communicable disease in Indian community is alarming. Dealing with modifiable risk factors by health education, promotion of exercise, favourable life style, dietary modifications, cessation of smoking, screening programmes for early detection of deranged blood pressure, blood sugar, lipid profile can be effective preventive strategies.


Keywords


Risk factors, Hypertension, Non-communicable diseases

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmed NU, Rahman M, Islam MD, Ali SY, Hossain AM, Fatema K, et al. socio-demographic clinical characteristics and status of hypertension control among rural hypertensive patients. Faridpur Med Coll J. 2011;6:5–9.

World Health Organisation. Hypertension fact sheet. Department of Sustainable Development and Healthy Environments. September 2011. Available at http://www.searo.who.int/entity/non-communicable_diseases/media/non_communicable_diseases_hypertension_fs.pdf?ua=1. Accessed on 11 July 2018.

Mathur M, Mathur N, Singh O, Solanki J, Soni P, Sarwa A, et al. Demographic characters and factors favouring emergence of diabetes mellitus type 2. Int J Res Med Sci. 2018;6(3):950-4.

Mathur M, Mathur N. Stroke: Risk factors evaluation in patients attending a tertiary health care institute of Rajasthan. Paripex-Indian J Res. 2017;6(12):1-3.

Mathur N, Mathur M. A study of risk factors related to coronary vascular disease among patients attending a tertiary health care institute of Rajasthan. Int J Scientific Res. 2017;6(12):112-3.

Kannel WB. Risk factors in hypertension. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1989;13(1):4-10.

Singh S, Shankar R, Singh G. Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Hypertension: A Cross-Sectional Study in Urban Varanasi. Int J Hypertension. 2017;1:1-10.

Bhadoria AS, Kasar PK, Toppo NA, Bhadoria P, Pradhan S, Kabirpanthi V. Prevalence of hypertension and associated cardiovascular risk factors in Central India. J Family Community Med. 2014;21(1):29–38.

Bansal SK, Saxena V, Kandpal SD, Gray WK, Walker RW, Goel D. The prevalence of hypertension and hypertension risk factors in a rural Indian community: A prospective door-to-door study. J Cardiovasc Dis Res. 2012;3:117-23.

Kotokey RK, Kar S, Ashok A, Sonowal DN, Miller N. A study of risk factors for hypertension among the administrative staff of the industrial population of upper Assam. Am J Med. 2011;1(2):64–7.

Ibekwe R. Modifiable Risk factors of Hypertension and Socio-demographic Profile in Oghara, Delta State; Prevalence and Correlates. Ann Med Health Sci Res. 2015;5(1):71-7.