DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20184007

Prevalence of urinary incontinence and its severity among women in urban Chidambaram – a cross sectional study

Boornema A. R., Kalyani P., John William Felix A.

Abstract


Background: Urinary incontinence (UI) is a chronic debilitating condition affecting women causing significant impact on the physical, psychological and socio-economic aspects of life. It is essential to estimate the disease burden that will help in formulating preventive strategies and early intervention. Hence, the present study has been carried out to determine the prevalence of UI and its severity among women residing in urban field practice area of Chidambaram.

Methods: This was a cross sectional study conducted among 350 women aged between 30-65 years from the month of January 2018 to April 2018. Data was collected using a pre tested proforma consisting of socio demographic details, questionnaire for female urinary incontinence diagnosis (QUID) and questions to assess the severity of UI.

Results: The prevalence of UI was 29.4%. Stress incontinence was the most common type (52.43%) followed by urge incontinence (29.12%) and mixed incontinence (18.45%). Out of 103 women with UI, 43.68% had symptoms for a period of 5-10 years. Majority (67.96%) were suffering from mild UI. 41.9% of them had moderate impact on daily life due to UI.

Conclusions: Urinary incontinence is a significant health problem among women. Awareness has to be created about the importance of getting treated early to prevent medical and psychological morbidity.


Keywords


Prevalence, Urinary incontinence, QUID questionnaire

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References


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