DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20183466

Prevalence and factors associated with overweight and obesity among elderly people in a semi-urban area of Chennai

Rajkamal R., Manikandan Seralathan, Jayakiruthiga S.

Abstract


Background: Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated that increases the risk of many adverse health conditions. Obesity being a risk factor facilitates the onset and severity of non-communicable diseases. The objectives of the study were to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among elderly people residing in a semi urban area of Chennai and to measure the association between selected factors associated with overweight and obesity among the study population.

Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out in Adayalampet and Nazrathpet, a semi urban area near Chennai, which comes under the field practice area of Department of Community Medicine ACS medical college, Chennai, Tamil Nadu India, during the month of November. Study population included 251 elderly aged 60 years and above. Data were collected by house-to-house survey using pre designed questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS software, version 16.0. Simple proportions were calculated, and chi square test was applied for statistical significance; p value <0.05 was considered as sta­tistically significant.

Results: The prevalence of overweight was found to be 30.7% with a 95% CI (24.99-36.41) and obesity was 8.3% (4.89-11.71). Diet, alcohol consumption, physical activity gender, education are associated with overweight/obesity and were statistically significant.

Conclusions: The prevalence of overweight and obesity, among elderly people was moderate to high among our study population. Hence concerned efforts through behavior change communication intervention are required to reduce the burden of overweight/obesity among the community.

 


Keywords


Overweight/obesity, Elderly, Prevalence, Semi urban area

Full Text:

PDF

References


Obesity and overweight fact sheet No. 311 WHO, 2015.

WHO (2016), Obesity and overweight, fact sheet No.311, 2016.

Govt. of India (2011), National Health profile, 2011 Ministry of Health and Family welfare, New Delhi, 2011.

Bharati DR, Pal R, RekhaR, Yamuna TV, Kar S, Radjou AN, et al. Ageing in Puducherry, South India: An overview of morbidity profile. J Pharm Bioallied Sci. 2011;3:537‑42.

Singh P, Kapil U, Dey A. Overweight and obesity among elderly—Delhi. Indian J Med Sci. 2004;58:162–3

http://nhrc.nic.in/Documents/Publications/KYR%20Elderly%20English%20Final.pdf

Kupuswamy’s Socio Economic Status Scale. Available at: http://obgmadeeasy.files.wordpress. com/2011/10/kc-ccpdf.made

Verma SK, Nimesh RP. Health awareness problems and culture of Balmiki families urban areas Jhansi city. 2013. Available at: http://hdl.handle.net/ 10603/10699. Accessed on 20 June 2018.

WHO, Tech, Rep.no. 916; 2003.

The WHO STEP wise Approach to Surveillance of Non-Communicable Diseases WHO/NMS/CCS/ 03.05.2003. World Health Organization. Available at http://www.who.int/ncdsurveillance/en/. Accessed on 14 April 2014.

Swami HM, Bhatia V, Gupta AK. An epidemiological study of obesity among elderly in Chandigarh. Indian J Community Med. 2005;30(1):1–5.

National Institute of Medical Statistics, Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), 2009, IDSP Non-Communicable Disease Risk Factors Survey, Phase-I States of India 2007-08.

Bhardwaj SD, Shewte MK, Bhatkule PR, Khadse JR. Prevalence of risk factors for non-communicable disease in a rural area of Nagpur district, Maharashtra– A WHO STEP wise approach. Int J Biol Medical Res. 2012;3(1):1413-8.

Thankappan KR, Shah B, Mathur P, Sarma PS, Srinivas G, Meena D, et al. Risk factor profile for chronic non- communicable diseases: Results of a community-based study in Kerala, India. Indian J Med Res. 2010;131:53-63.

Erem C, Arslan C, Hacihasanoglu A, Deger O, Topbas M¸ Ukinc K, et al. Prevalence of Obesity and Associated Risk Factors in a Turkish Population. Obesity Research. 2004;12(7):1117-27.

Kaplan M, Huguet N, Newsom JT, Mcfarland BH, Lindsay J. Prevalence and correlates of overweight and obesity among older adults: findings from the Canadian national population health survey. J Gerontol Biological Sci Med Sci. 2003;58(11):1018-30.

Sugathan TN, Soman CR, Sankaranarayan K, Behaviour risk factors for non-communicable diseases among adults in Kerala, India. Indian J Med Res. 2008;127:555-63.