DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20183985

A study on evaluation of utilization of antenatal care services in a rural area of North Kerala, India

Sateesh B. C., Rajeev K. H.

Abstract


Background: Antenatal care is the care of the woman during her pregnancy. The primary aim of antenatal care is to achieve at the end of a pregnancy a healthy mother and a healthy baby National Health Mission mainly aims at reduction in maternal, neonatal, infant mortality and increasing institutional deliveries. This study was conducted to evaluate the antenatal care services utilization in a rural area of North Kerala among the women who delivered in the past six months. The objective of the study was to evaluate the antenatal care services utilization among the women who delivered in the past six months in a rural area of North Kerala.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in the rural field practice area of Kannur Medical College, Kannur among women who delivered in the past 6 months by using convenient sampling method. A total of 150 mothers were interviewed using pre-validated, semi structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data.

Results: The mean age of the participants was 27.2±3.4 years. About 98% (147) mothers had at least four ANC visits, all mothers had two doses or one booster dose of TT injections and 90% (135) consumed minimum hundred IFA tablets during pregnancy. Around 96% (144) of the mothers have received the full antenatal care during pregnancy.

Conclusions: Our study showed that, the full antenatal care services utilization by the mothers is better compared to National and State averages. But there is slightly increased level of delivery by caesarean which is a matter of concern.


Keywords


Antenatal care, Utilization, Antenatal services, Rural area, North Kerala

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