DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20182989

Etiology and prevalence of urinary tract infections among pregnant women in Kerala

Srinath M. P., Shajina M., Fasalu Rahiman O. M.

Abstract


Background: Infectious disease such as urinary tract infection was found very commonly during all pregnancies. Chronic renal failure, pyelonephritis, preeclampsia, anemia, fetal mortality and premature delivery are the common complication associated with UTI in pregnancy. Hence the management and prevention of UTI in pregnancy is the crucial factor for the sustained pregnant period. It is more important for a clinician to recognize the pathogenic factor for UTI and its sensitivity profile for planning an effective treatment for infected patients. Hence the present study was designed to identify the pathogenic agents of UTI among pregnant women and to find out the drug susceptibility patterns of the isolated organism against commonly prescribed antibiotics

Methods: A prospective analysis was carried out by collecting urine from the 210 patients, the sample was also processed for antimicrobial drug susceptibility testing.

Results: A positive report was seen in 26 cases with 13.4% of incident rate. Escherichia coli 14 (53.8%), Klebsiella species 23.07%, Enterococcus species 7.69%, Staphylococcus aureus 3.84%, Proteus 3.84%, Pseudomonas aeroginosa 3.84%, Streptococcus pyogenes 3.84% were the most common isolate found in the present population. The isolated pathogens were sensitive to Ceftazidime, Cefotaxime, Ciprofloxacin, Gentamicin, and Amikacin.

Conclusions: It is there for recommended that routine microbiological analysis and antibiotic sensitivity test of urine samples of pregnant women must be carried out before the administration of drugs for better treatments and managements of urinary tract infection.


Keywords


Urinary tract infection, Uropathogens, Bacteriuria, Pregnancy, Antimicrobial susceptibility pattern

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