DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20183975

A cross sectional study of contraceptive prevalence and factors responsible for usage of different contraceptive methods in an urban slum area

Gautam B. Sawase, Shweta N. Salphale, Sunaina G. Kumthekar, Bina M. Kuril, Mohan K. Doibale

Abstract


Background: According to WHO; contraceptive prevalence is the percentage of women who are currently using, or whose sexual partner is currently using, at least one method of contraception, regardless of method used. It is usually reported for married women aged 15-49. According NFHS-4 (2015-16) current use of any family planning method is 53.5%. The objectives of the study were to find out contraceptive prevalence and usage of different contraceptive methods among married women of reproductive age group and to study factors affecting contraception use among married women of reproductive age group.

Methods: A community based cross sectional study was carried out in urban slum area catered under Urban Health Training Center of medical college. Sample size of 390 married women of reproductive age residing in urban slum area taken. By using systematic random sampling method data collected by house to house visits. Data was analyzed by using SPSS software version 24. Chi-square test used for showing association.

Results: Contraceptive prevalence was found to be 53.84%.Use of tubal ligation was found maximum (12.05%) followed by condom, O.C.P. Contraceptive use was found to be significantly associated with age, number of living son, and number of living children of women.

Conclusions: Counselling of women should be done for appropriate use of contraceptive method. Awareness regarding female education, birth spacing, advantage of small family, etc. should be done by I.E.C. activity.


Keywords


Contraceptive use, O.C.P., Tubal ligation, Urban slum

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