DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20182971

A comparative study of breast feeding and complimentary food practices in catchment area of urban and rural health centres of Community Medicine Department, Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal

Jeewan S. Meena, Soumitra Sethia, Vivek Nagar, Aditya Thakur, Vishwanath Aarutagi, Sharad Tiwari

Abstract


Background: Scientific research has clearly proved that breastfeeding provides the most suitable nutrition to the baby, protects against infections, allergies, promotes physical, physiological, motor-mental and psycho-social growth and development. Also it benefits the mother in various ways like reducing anemia and breast and ovarian cancers and helps in fertility control. The study was conducted to assess and compare the knowledge and practice regarding breastfeeding among mothers of infants in urban and rural area.

Methods: This community based descriptive cross sectional study on 450 mothers of infant (0-12 completed months) residing in six wards of urban health centre and twenty three villages of block of rural health centre of Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal. Study was undertaken for the period of 1 year (November 2016 to October 2017). Study participants were interviewed by home visits using semi structured questionnaire.

Results: Maximum mothers 40% in rural and 35.1% mothers in urban area age group 21-23 year. 39.1% mothers in rural area provided colostrums to their child compared to 50.6% in urban areas (p=0.0178). In rural area 60% mothers gave breast milk to their child on demand, 25% within 1-2 hours & 15.1% within 2-3 hours. In urban area 80% mothers gave breast milk on demand, 12.8% within 1-2 hours & rest within 2-3 hours.

Conclusions: There was significant difference in breastfeeding practices in rural and urban area. Breastfeeding on demand was found to be more in urban area as compared to rural area.


Keywords


Breastfeeding, Rural, Urban, Bhopal, Knowledge, Practice

Full Text:

PDF

References


Hill LF. A salute to La Leche League International. Journal Pediatr. 1968;73(1):161-2.

Laurence RA. Human milk as the gold standard for infant feeding. J Obstet Gynaecol India. 1999;49:30-4.

Phatak A. Economic and ecological effects of breastfeeding. J Obstet Gynaecol India. 1999;49:35-8.

Madeley RJ. Relating child health services to needs by the use of simple epidemiology. Public Health. 1978;92(5):224-30.

UNICEF. Facts for life: a communication challenge. P and LA; 1990.

Jelliffe DB, Jelliffe EP. Breast is best: Modern meanings. N Eng J Med. 1977;297(17):912-5.

Park K. Textbook of Preventive and Social medicine 24th edition.

Col PS, Col RB. Breast feeding practices among families of armed forces personnel in a large cantonment. Med J Armed Forces India. 2007;63(2):134-6.

Pathi S, Das BC. Breast feeding practices in a rural ICDS block of Khallikote, South Orissa. Indian J Community Med. 2005;30(4):154.

Chowdhury N, Islam MA, Chakraborty N. Infant and child feeding practices in Bangladesh: evidence from Bangladesh demographic and health survey, 1993–94. Demogr India. 1997;26:275–86.

Chatterjee S, Saha S. A study on knowledge and practice of mothers regarding infant feeding and nutritional status of under-five children attending immunization clinic of a medical college. Internet J Nutrition and Wellness. 2008;5(1):1-9.

Gottlieb D, Shetty AK, Bassett MT, Mapfungautsi RM, Katzenstein DA. Infant feeding: Knowledge, attitudes and practices among women in Zimbabwe. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2004;18(1):45-53.

Rasania SK, Bhalla S, Khandekar J, Pathi S, Matta S, Singh S. Post exposure management of animal bite cases attending a primary health center of Delhi. The J Communicable Dis. 2004;36(3):195-8.

Tiwari V, Singh A. Knowledge attitude and practice of mothers regarding breast feeding in an urban area of Faizabad district (UP). Indian J Prevent Social Med. 2007;38(1-2):18-22.

Kumar D, Agarwal N, Swami HM, Statistics A, Comments R. Socio-demographic correlates of breast-feeding in urban slums of Chandigarh. Indian journal of medical sciences. 2006;60(11):461-6.

Rao SB, Ajmera SK, Bhide M, Khatanhar N, Badhwar VR. Impact of Baby Friendly Hospitals on the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Breast Feeding. BMJ. 2006;332:133-4.

Galhotra A, Abrol A, Agarwal N, Goel N, Swami H. Impact of community based awareness campaign on breast-feeding among lactating women in Chandigarh. Internet J Health. 2008;7(1):1.

Borade A, Hanumante N. Maternal Knowledge and Perception about the Breast Feeding and Factors Influencing it-A Study in Urban Low Socioeconomic Class of Pune. Pediatric Oncall. 2007;5(3):1.