DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20183587

Socio-demographic determinants of malnutrition among school going children in an urban slum area of central India with special reference to nutritional anaemia

Tarachand Tukaram Meshram, Ashish Wasudeo Khobragade

Abstract


Background: Children residing in urban slum area are the most vulnerable. Poverty, illiteracy, neglect of health, low socioeconomic status and non-affordability of quality health care services make them more vulnerable to malnutrition.

Methods: 361 school going children residing in urban slum area were included in study. Socio-demographic details of the children taken from their parents. Health check-up was done.

Results: Prevalence of malnutrition was 40.17%. 17.17% children were underweight and 22.99% were stunted.

Conclusions: Family size and socioeconomic status are the important determinants of malnutrition.


Keywords


Malnutrition, Slum, Nutritional anaemia, Family size, Socio-demographic

Full Text:

PDF

References


Park K. Textbook of preventive & social medicine. 23rd Edition. Jabalpur: Bhanot Publication; 2015: 578.

Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). The double the burden of malnutrition: case studies from six developing countries; 2006:99.

World Health Organization. Nutrition Landscape Information System (NLIS) –Country profile indicator: Interpretation guide. 2010.

Dey AK, Nath AB. Nutritional status of school going children (6-15 years) in a semi-urban area of Cachar district Assam. J Evolution Med Dent Sci. 2017; 6(54):4057–62.

Shashank KJ, Chethan TK. Nutritional status of school going children between the age group of 6-12 yrs in rural area of Bijpaur district. Ntl J Community Med. 2016;7(5):409-12.

Mian RMA, Ali M, Paola A, Ferroni, Underwood P. The nutritional status of school-aged children in an urban squatter settlement in Pakistan’. Pakistan J Nutrition. 2002;1(3):121–3.

Igbowke O, Adimorah G, Ikefuna A, Ibeziako N, Ubesie A, Ekeh C, et al. Socio-demographic determinants of malnutrition among primary school aged children in Enugu, Nigeria. Pan African Med J. 2017;28:248.

Gomber S, Bhawana, Madan N, Lal A, Kela K. Prevalence & etiology of nutritional anaemia among school children of urban slums. Indian J Med Res. 2003;118:167–71.

Yeasmin S., Islam K. Prevalence and determinants of undernutrition among school age slum children in Dhaka city, Bangladesh. J Nutr Health Sci. 2016;3(2):201.

Babar NF, Muzaffar R, Khan MA, Imdad S. Impact of socioeconomic factors on nutritional status in primary school children. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2010;22(4):15-8.

Kumari K. Differentials of nutritional status in school-age children and the associated factors. Health and Population- perspectives and issues. 2007;30(4):268–77.

Shivaprakash NC, Joseph RB. Nutritional status of rural school going children (6-12 years) of Mandya district, Karnataka. Int J Scientific Study. 2014;2(2):39-43.

CI Ndukwu, I. Egbuonu, TO Ulasi, JC Ebenebe. Determinants of undernutrition among primary school children residing in slum areas of a Nigerian city. Nigerian J Clin Pract. 2013;16(2):178-83.