DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20183109

Assessment of gadgets addiction and its impact on health among undergraduates

Aravind K. Kumar, Mayur S. Sherkhane

Abstract


Background: Technology has made our youth the most vulnerable group among today’s population, because of their accessibility and addiction to newer gadgets, which are cheap and easily available. Society has always been worrying about the term ‘Drug Addiction’ of our youth but ‘Gadget Addiction’ is a more critical area of concern in the present era and is a threat to the social infrastructure in the future. Addiction is an irrepressible urge which is accompanied by loss of control leading to lower emotional intelligence indirectly deteriorating the academic and professional performance as well as hampering their family life leading to life threatening problems in future.

Methods: Cross sectional study was done among 200 undergraduates using predesigned and pretested questionnaire. Gadget dependency was analysed using 5-point Likert-scale. Descriptive statistics and chi-square test was used for analysing the data collected.

Results: 71% belonged to 21-24 years age group. 73.5% were males and 43.5% belonged to class I socio-economic status and 70% had normal BMI. 72.5% of subjects had first gadget at 16-20 years and 90.5% were using smart-phones as a common gadget, of them, 50.2% were using for more than 7 hours a day. 61% had difficulty in day to day work performance. Females were more prone compared to males (p=0.008).

Conclusions: High level of dependency was present with gadget addiction. Health action to be taken in form of counselling about the pros and cons in the early phase can prevent future complications. 


Keywords


Dependency, Gadget, Smart-phones, Undergraduates

Full Text:

PDF

References


Singh T, Kumar A, Liu Y, Theog JNV. Personal Electronic Gadgets: A Comprehensive Study on their Addiction and Sustainable Usage. Int J Electronics Communication Tech. 2015;6(1):14.

Definition of addiction. Available at: https://www.asam.org/resources/definition-of-addiction. Accessed on 5 October 2016.

Alam SS, Hashim NM, Ahmad M, Wel CNC, Nor SM, Omar NA. Negative and positive impact of internet addiction on young adults: Empericial study in Malaysia. Intangible Capital. 2016;10(3):619-38.

Lee D. FCJ-03 Women’s creation of camera phone culture. The Fibre culture J. 2005.

Esen BK, Gündogdu M. The Relationship between Internet Addiction, peer pressure and perceived social support among adolescents. Int J Educational Res. 2010;2(1):29-36.

Simuforosa M. The impact of modern technology on the educational attainment of adolescents. Int J Edu Res. 2013;1(9):1-8.

Mamatha SL, Hanakeri PA, Aminabhavi VA. Impact of gadgets on emotional maturity, reasoning ability of college students. Int J Applied Res. 2016;2(3):749-55.

Census of India: Population Enumeration Data (Final Population). Censusindia.gov.in. 2018. Available at: http://censusindia.gov.in/2011census/ population_enumeration.aspx/. Accessed 9 July 2018.

Meo SA, Al-Drees AM. Smart-phone phone related-hazards and subjective hearing and vision symptoms in the Saudi population. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2005;18(1):53-7.

Miakotko L. The impact of smartphones and smart-phone devices on human health and life. Available at: http://www.nyu.edu/classes/keefer/waoe/ miakotkol.pdf .Accessed on 9 July 2018.

Yeap J, Ramayah T, Kurnia S, Halim HA, Ahmad NH. The assessment of Internet addiction among university students: some findings from a focus group. Tehnicki vjesnik - Technical Gazette. 2015;22(1):105-11.

Gupta N, Krishnamurthy V, Majhi J, Gupta S. Gadget Dependency among Medical College Students in Delhi. Indian J Comm Health. 2013;25(4):362-6.

Long J, Liu T-Q., Liao Y-H., Qi C, He H-Y, Chen S-B, et al. Prevalence and correlates of problematic smartphone use in a large random sample of Chinese undergraduates. BMC Psychiatry. 2016:16:408.

Sarfaraz S, Bano T, Fatima W, Ramzan S, Sabir A, Irfan S. Smart-Phone Phones: A Threat To Health Of Young Generation? EJPMR. 2015;2(7):17-22.

Thomée S, Härenstam A, Hagberg M. Mobile phone use and stress, sleep disturbances, and symptoms of depression among young adults--a prospective cohort study. BMC Public Health. 2011;11:66.