DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20183090

Perceived stress and source of stress among undergraduate medical students of Government Medical College, Mysore

Bhavani Nivetha M., Mansoor Ahmed, Prashantha B.

Abstract


Background: Stress is defined as a condition or feeling experienced when a person perceives that demands exceed the personal and social resources the individual is able to mobilize. Medical school is recognized as a stressful environment that may have a negative effect on students’ academic performance, physical health, and psychosocial well-being. This stress when it exceeds the limit of tolerability causes various physical and mental health problems. Identifying this root cause will help us to put a barrier to many future mental health problems in a student’s life.

Methods: It was a cross-sectional study done in Mysore Medical College among undergraduate students. Perceived stress scale was used to assess the level of stress and Medical student’s Stressor questionnaire was used to assess the source of stress.

Results: A total of 303 students were included in the final analysis. Among them 51.5% were male and 48.5% were females. The age group of the students ranged between 18 and 24 with a mean age of 20.48 and standard deviation (SD) of 0.4. The mean and SD of PSS score is 17.7 and 5.5. The prevalence of mild, moderate and severe stress was 20%, 74% and 6% respectively. Majority of the students (40.9%) considered academic related stressors to be the source of high stress.

Conclusions: In our study though majority of the students were stressed (80%), only 6% were severely stressed. The coping strategies adopted by the students like resorting to sleep and music/dance appeared to be appropriate methods of handling stress.


Keywords


Medical students, Stress, Stressors, Coping of stress

Full Text:

PDF

References


American Institute of Stress. What is Stress?. Available at: https://www.stress.org/what-is-stress/. Accessed on 26 August 2016.

Hubbard R J, Workmann E A. Handbook of Stress Medicine: An Organ System Approach. New York: CRC press LLc; 1998: 6.

Saravanan C, Wilks R. Medical Students’ Experience of and Reaction to Stress: The Role of Depression and Anxiety. The Scientific World Journal. 2014: 1-8.

Finkelstein C, Brownstein A, Scott C, Lan Y. Anxiety and stress reduction in medical education: an intervention. 2007.

Child and Adolescent Mental Health. WHO 2014. Available at: http://www.who.int/mental_health/ maternal-child/child_adolescent/en/ Accessed on 26 August 2016.

Dyrbye L. N, Thomas, M. R and Shanafelt, T. D. Medical student distress: Causes, consequences, and proposed solutions. Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 2005;80(12):1613-22.

Kumar SD, Kavitha HS, Kulkarni P, Siddalingappa H, Manjunath R. Depression, anxiety and stress levels among medical students in Mysore, Karnataka, India. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2016;3:359-62.

Cohen S, Kamarck T, Mermelstein R. A global measure of perceived stress. J Health Soc Behav. 1983;24:385-96.

The Development and Validity of the Medical Student Stressor Questionnaire (MSSQ). Asean J Psychiatry. 2010;11(1).

Shakthivel N, Amarnath AM, Ahamed F, Rath RS, Sethuraman AR. Rizwan AS. Level of perceived stress and coping strategies prevailing among 1st year medical undergraduate students: A cross-sectional study from south India. Int J Med Public Health. 2017;7(2):111-5.

Gupta S, Choudhury S, Das M, Mondol A, Pradhan R. Factors causing stress among students of a Medical College in Kolkata, India. Educ Health. 2015;28:92-5.

Chowdhury R, Mukherjee A, Mitra K, Naskar S, Karmakar PR, Lahiri SK. Perceived psychological stress among undergraduate medical students: Role of academic factors. Indian J Public Health. 2017;61:55-7.

Brahmbhatt K, Nadeera V P, Prasanna K S, Jayram S. Perceived stress and sources of stress among medical undergraduates in a private medical college in Mangalore, India. Int J Biomed Adv Res. 2013;4(2):133-5.

Bassols AMS, Carneiro BB, Siqueira AM, Guimarães GC, Okabayashi LMS, Carvalho FG, Silva ABD. Stress and coping in a sample of medical students in Brazil. Arch Clin Psychiatry. 2015;42(1):1-5

Sreeramareddy C, Shankar P, Binu V, Mukhopadhyay C, Ray B, Menezes R. Psychological morbidity, sources of stress and coping strategies among undergraduate medical students of Nepal. BMC Medical Education. 2007;7(1):26.

Shahida Shaikh, Abdul hameed shaikh, Inayatullah magsi; Stress among medical students of university of Interior Sindh; Medical Channel. 2010;16(4):538-40.

Satheesh BC, Prithviraj R, Prakasam PS. A study of perceived stress among undergraduate medical students of a private medical college in Tamil Nadu. Int J Sci Res. 2015;4:994‑7.

Yusoff MSB, Abdul Rahim AF, Yaacob MJ. Prevalence and sources of stress among Universiti Sains Malaysia medical students. Malaysian J Med Sci. 2010;17(1):30–7.

Supe AN. A study of stress in medical students at Seth GS Medical College. J Postgrad Med. 1998;44:1-6.

Nandi M, Hazra A, Sarkar S. Stress and its risk factors in medical stu¬dents: an observational study from a medical college in India. Indian J Med Sci. 2012;66(1-2):1–12.

Gade S, Chari S, Gupta M. Perceived stress among medical students: To identify its sources and coping strategies. Arch Med Health Sci. 2014;2:80-6.

Panchu P, Bahuleyan B, Vijayan V. An analysis of the factors leading to stress in Indian medical students. Int J Clin Exp Physiol. 2017;4:48-50.

Melaku L, Mossie A, Negash A. Stress among Medical Students and Its Association with Substance Use and Academic Performance. J Biomed Education. 2015;1-9.