A comparative study of anthropometric measurements and hypertension among geriatric patients attending OPD

Vishwanath G. R., Tejaswini V. Sangrulkar, Shrarma S. K., Praveen Patil


Background: Hypertension is silent killer, its chronic condition leads to coronary heart diseases, stroke and vascular complications. It is one of the most important treatable causes of mortality and morbidity in the elderly population, the prevalence of hypertension was 40 per cent in 2008, it is estimated that by the year 2025, the majority of the elderly people worldwide will reside in developing countries. Developing countries are thus likely to face an enormous burden of vulnerable elderly population who are predisposed to chronic non‑communicable diseases.

Methods: Cross-sectional study carried out in geriatric clinic of government medical college, Miraj (1st Nov-31st Dec, 2015).

Results: The prevalence of hypertension among study participants was 41.46%. Prevalence of hypertension among male subjects was 56.60% where as it was 28.57% among female subjects. The body mass index was more than cut off point in hypertensive as compared to non-hypertensive in both males and females.

Conclusions: The overall prevalence of hypertension in study subjects is 41%. Increased BMI and waist circumference were found in hypertensive.



Geriatric, Anthropometry, Hypertension, Cross-sectional

Full Text:



United Nations population Fund 2017, Caring for Our Elders; Early Responses India Ageing Report 2017. UNFPA. Available at

United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, population Division (2015). World Population Prospects: The 2015 Revision. Newyork; United nations. Available at: unpd/wpp/publications/files/key_findings_wpp_2015.pdf. Accessed on 3 March 2018.

Govt of India (2012). Census 2011, Provisional Population Report, Office of the Registrar General and the Census Commissioner of India, Ministry of Home Affairs, March 31st, 2011. Available at Accessed on 3 March 2018.

WHO. Global Health and Aging, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Available at: publications/global_health.pdf. Accessed on 3 March 2018.

WHO/IASO/IOTF. The Asian Pacific Prospective; Redefining Obesity and its treatment. Health Communications Australia Pt Ltd; 2000.

Gupta R. Rethinking Diseases of Affluence; Coronary Heart Disease in Developing Countries. South Asian. J Preventive Cardiol. 2006;10(2):65-78.

Bhalvar R. Textbook of Public health and community medicine. 1st ed. AFMC Pune and WHO, New Delhi: India; 2009: 1196-1200.

The eighth report of the Joint National Committee on prevention detection evaluation and treatment of high blood pressure. National Institutes of health. Available at hypertension/. Accessed on 3 March 2018.

Palanivel C, Bharathy M, Ravi PU, Arvind KS, Rahul S, Yadav K. Hypertension in the Elderly: Prevalence and Health Seeking Behavior. N Am J Med Sci. 2012;4(11):558–62.

Bays HE, Chapman RH, Grandy S, SHIELD Investigators’ Group. The relationship of body mass index to diabetes mellitus, hypertension and dyslipidaemia: comparison of data from two national surveys. Int J Clin Pract. 2007;61(5):737-47.

Xiao YQ, Liu Y, Zheng SL, Yang Y, Fan S, Yang C, et al. Relationship between hypertension and body mass index, waist circumference and waist-hip ratio in middle-aged and elderly residents. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2016;37(9):1223-7.

Wang Q, Xu L, Li J, Sun L, Qin W, Ding G. Association of Anthropometric Indices of Obesity with Hypertension in Chinese Elderly: An Analysis of Age and Gender Differences. Int J Environ Res. Public Health. 2018;15: 801.

Anil Kumar T, Sudhir U, Gita Srinivasan, Punith K. Association of Body Mass Index with Blood Pressure in the Elderly. JIACM. 2008;9(4):274-6.

Hardy SE, Allore HG, Studenski SA. Missing data: A special challenge in aging research. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2009;57:722-9.