DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20182650

Perceptions and practices about menstrual hygiene among women of reproductive age group (15-49 years) attending out-patient department of CIMS, Bilaspur Chhattisgarh

Bhavana Pandey, Devesh Shukla

Abstract


Background: Women suffer due to their ignorance on hygienic requirement during menstruation. Hygiene related practices of women during menstruation are of considerable importance, as it has a health impact in terms of increased vulnerability to RTI. Inthis paper our objectives is to detect the menstrual health problems and to assess menstrual hygiene practices among women of reproductive age group (15-49 years) attending OPD of CIMS Bilaspur Chhattisgarh (Obstretic and Gynaecology, OPD).

Methods: Females of reproductive age group (15-45 years) attending routine obstretics and gynaecology OPD during 1st May to 15th September 2015 were included in the study after taking their verbal consent at CIMS hospital. Pretested semi-structured questionnaire were used to take history regarding knowledge and practices related to menstrual hygiene. Statistical test like chi-square test were applied using Epi info 7 software.

Results: 36% of study population belonged to the 21-30 year age group. About 75% were married. Majority of women had primary education (43.3%) and 54.3% belonged to lower middle class. Majority of women 51.8% used cloth during menstruation; about 45.7% used the same cloth by washing and reusing every month.

Conclusions: Most women were found to follow unhygienic practices. Hence, efforts such as improving female literacy and health education regarding the various risk factors should be made by the policy makers to increase menstrual hygiene among rural population. Literacy status was found to be significant for awareness about menstruation and the use of sanitary pads.


Keywords


Reproductive tract infections, Menstrual hygienic

Full Text:

PDF

References


Menstrual Hygiene Day. Archived from the original on 3 July 2015.

UNESCO (2014). Puberty Education & Menstrual Hygiene Management - Good Policy and Practice in health Education - Booklet 9. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Paris, France, 2014: 32.

Amme, Grace (28 May 2015). "Uganda Celebrates Menstrual Hygiene Day". Uganda Radio Network, 2015.

Bosco, Ijoo (29 May 2014). "E. Equatoria Marks Global Menstrual Hygiene Day". Sudan Tribune, 2015.

Domestos; Water Aid; WSSCC: A Report on Sanitation and Hygiene for Women and Girls (PDF). World Toilet Day.

Sommer M, Hirsch JS, Nathanson C, Parker RG. Comfortably, Safely, and Without Shame: Defining Menstrual Hygiene Management as a Public Health Issue. Am J Public Health. 2015;105(7):1302-11.

De Bode, Lisa. New York City Wants to Provide Free Tampons to Address Menstruation Stigma. Al Jazeera America, 2015.

WHO Health needs of adolescents. Report of WHO Expert Committee, Technical Report series, 1999: 609-615.

UNICEF. The state of world’s children: adolescence, an age of opportunity. In: NICEF, eds. UNICEF Report. New York: UNICEF; 2011.

Drakshavani DK, Venkata RP. A study on menstrual hygiene among rural adolescent Indian girls. Andhra Pradesh. Indian J Med. 1994;48(6):139-43.

Tarhane S, Kasulkar A. Awareness of adolescent girls regarding menstruation and practices during menstrual cycle. Panacea J Med Sci. 2015:5(1);29-32.

Kamaljit K, Arora B, Singh KG, Neki NS. Social beliefs and practices associated with menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls of Amritsar, Punjab, India. JIMSA. 2012;25:69‑70.

Deo DS, Chattargi Ch. Perceptions and practices regarding menstruation: A comparative study in urban and rural adolescent girls. Indian J Community Med. 2005;30:33‑4.

Khanna A, Goyal RS, Bhawsar R. Menstrual practices and reproductive problems: A study of adolescent girls in Rajasthan. J Health Managment. 2005;7(1):91-7.