DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20182416

Study on consumption of fast food among medical students of IGIMS, Patna

Vijay Shree, R. R. Prasad, Sanjay Kumar, Setu Sinha, Sanjay Kumar Choudhary

Abstract


Background: Fast food culture is a vigorously uprising trend among the youngsters and medical students are no exception to it. Stressful life due to increased study load negatively influences the food choices of medical students. Hence the present study was undertaken with objectives to figure out the prevalence of fast food consumption among medical students, to study the fast food consumption pattern by the medical students and to explore various factors contributing to fast food consumption by the students.

Methods: A cross sectional study was done among 120 undergraduate medical students of IGIMS, Patna for a period of 6 months. Data collection was done using pre-tested structured questionnaire and was analysed using SPSS latest version.

Results: The study showed that all the respondents consume fast food sometime or the other and the knowledge of fast food was almost universal among the medical students. Most of the students (48.3%) were taking fast food as an alternative to dinner, 32 (26.6%) as evening snack and 26 (21.6%) as an alternative to lunch. Most preferred beverage was carbonated drinks (56.6%) while most preferred fast food was pizza (45%). 75.6% students were taking fast food 1-2 times a week. Reasons for consumption of fast food were mainly- eating in company (58.3%) and taste factor (55%).

Conclusions: Despite of a majority (88.3%) being aware of the fact that consuming fast food leads to many diseases and disability, all the subjects continue to consume fast food, mostly due to reasons of taste, company and to avoid wastage of time.

 


Keywords


Fast food, Medical students, Obesity

Full Text:

PDF

References


Vaida N. Prevalence of fast food intake among urban adolescent students. Int J Eng Sci. 2013;2:353–9.

World Health Organization. Life Course Perspective of Coronary Heart Disease, Stroke, Diabetes. Available at: whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2001/ WHO_NMH_NPH_01.4.pdf. Accessed 14 July 2010.

Kaushik JS, Narang M, Parak A. Fast Food consumption in children. Indian Pediatr, 2011;48.97-101.

Zhu SP, Ding YJ, Lu XF, Wang HW, Yang M, Wang JX. Study on factors related to top 10fast food consumption at 8 to 16years of age, in Haidian District of Beijing. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2008;29:757-62.

Manjunatha S, Mishra S. Fast Food Consumption Pattern and Obesity among School Going (9-13 Year) in Lucknow District. International Journal of Science and Research. 2014;3:1672-74.

Brunner MJ, Menomonie, WI. A Comparison of Food Habits of Middle School Students USA: The Graduate School University of Wisconsin-Stout; 2006.

Masse LC, de Niet-Fitzgerald JE, Watts AW, Naylor PJ, Saewyc EM. Associations between the school food environment, student consumption and body mass index of Canadian adolescents. Int J Behav Nutri Phys Act. 2014;11(1):1–9.

Kotecha PV, Patel SV, Baxi RK, Mazumdar VS, Misra S, Mehta KG, et al. Dietary pattern of school going adolescents in urban Baroda, India. J Health Popul Nutr. 2013;31:490–6.

Abuzaid OII. Eating patterns and physical activity characteristics among urban and rural students in Saudi Arabian. Lincoln, Nebraska: The Graduate College at the University of Nebraska; 2012.

Abdel-Hady D, El-Gilany A, Sarraf B. Dietary habits of adolescent students in Mansoura, Egypt. Int J Collaborative Res Int Med Public Health. 2014;6:132-44.

Gaikwad SP. An empirical study of consumer buying behaviour towards fast food in south mumbai. IJRFM. 2016;6(7):64-72.

Driskell JA, Meckna BR, Scales NE. Differences exist in the eating habits of university men and women at fast-food restaurants. Nutr Res. 2006;26:524–30.

Denney-Wilson E, Crawford D, Dobbins T, Hardy L, Okely AD. Influences on consumption of soft drinks and fast foods in adolescents. Asia Pacific J Clin Nutr. 2009;18:447–52.

ALFaris NA, Al-Tamimi JZ, Al-Jobair MO, Al-Shwaiyat NM. Trends of fast food consumption among adolescent and young adult Saudi girls living in Riyadh. Food Nutr Res. 2015;59:26488.

Larson NI, Neumark-Sztainer DR, Story MT, Wall MM, Harnack LJ, Eisenberg ME. Fast food intake: longitudinal trends during the transition to young adulthood and correlates of intake. J Adolesc Health. 2008;43:79–86.

Sharifirad G, Yarmohammadi P, Azadbakht L, Morowatisharifabad MA, Hassanzadeh A. Determinants of fast food consumption among Iranian high school students based on planned behaviour theory. J Obes. 2013;2013:147589.

Fung T, Anyan WR. Adolescence: life in the fast lane. In: Tamborlane WV, ed. The Yale Guide to Children’s Nutrition. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press; 1997: 73.

Musaiger A, Kalam F. Dietary habits and lifestyle among adolescents in Damascus, Syria. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2014;21:416–9.

Glanz K, Basil M, Maibach E, Goldberg J, Snyder DAN. Why Americans eat what they do:taste, nutrition, cost, convenience, and weight control concerns as influences on food consumption. J Am Diet Assoc. 1998;98:1118–26.

Puri S, Bhatia V, Swami H, Rai S, Mangat C. Impact of a diet and nutrition related education package on the awareness and practices of school children of Chandigarh. Int J Epidemiol. 2007;6(1):1-7.