DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20182632

A study on prevalence of anaemia among reproductive age group females attending urban health center of Anakaputhur area of Kancheepuram district

V. Aljin, R. Umadevi, S. Hariharan

Abstract


Background: Anaemia, a major public health threat and real challenge for the health care professionals, for the past several decades. The burden of anaemia is high especially among females of reproductive age group, who are a vulnerable population undergoing pregnancy and child birth at this stage of their life. Thus this study was aimed to find the prevalence of anaemia among the reproductive age group females attending an urban health center in Tamil Nadu.

Methods: A hospital based, cross sectional study was conducted among reproductive age group females, attending Urban Health Training Center. 292 patients, who gave written consent were included and interviewed using a questionnaire followed by haemoglobin assessment with venous blood sample.

Results: The mean age of the study participants were 34.6±12.4 years with 9.6% uneducated and 7.2% graduate females. 26% gave history of symptoms of anaemia and prevalence of anaemia was reported to be 42.12% with 24.31%, 12.32% and 5.5% of mild anaemia, moderate anaemia and severe anaemia, respectively.

Conclusions: With immense efforts, prevalence of anaemia is still high, in this study. Prevention and treatment of anaemia in women is much essential at this point and therefore programmes and policies should be implemented based on the needs of the community and health education should be imparted with respect to measures that can prevent and helps in early diagnosis of anaemia.


Keywords


Anaemia, Reproductive age group, Urban females

Full Text:

PDF

References


Stevens GA, Finucane MM, De-Regil LM, Paciorek CJ, Flaxman SR, Branca F, et al. Global, regional, and national trends in haemoglobin concentration and prevalence of total and severe anaemia in children and pregnant and non-pregnant women for 1995–2011: a systematic analysis of population-representative data. Lancet Glob Health. 2013;1(1):16–25.

WHO. Vitamin and Mineral Nutrition Information System. Haemoglobin concentrations for the diagnosis of anaemia and assessment of severity. Available at: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/ 10665/85839/3/WHO_NMH_NHD_MNM_11.1_eng.pdf?ua=1. Accessed on 3 January 2018.

World Health Organisation. The global prevalence of anaemia in 2011. WHO, Geneva, 2015.

World Health Organization. the Global Prevalence of Anaemia in 2011. WHO Rep 2011;48. Available at: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/177094/ 1/9789241564960_eng.pdf?ua=1. Accessed on 3 January 2018.

Agarwal N, Prichal JT. Anemia of chronic disease (anemia of inflammation). Acta Haematol. 2009;122(2-3):103-8.

Resolution WHA 65.6. Comprehensive implementation plan on maternal, infant and young child nutrition. In: Sixth-fifth World Health Assembly, Geneva, 21–26 May 2012. Resolutions and decisions, annexes. WHO, Geneva; 2012:55–68.

Raghuram V, Anil M, Jayaram S. Prevalence of Anaemia amongst women in the reproductive age group in a rural area in south india. Int J Biol Med Res. 2012;3(2):1482-4.

Malhotra P, Kumari S, Kumar R, Varma S. Prevalence of anemia in adult urban population of north India. J Assoc Physicians India. 2004;52:18-20.

Siva PM, Sobha A, Manjula VD. Prevalence of Anaemia and Its Associated Risk Factors Among Adolescent Girls of Central Kerala. JCDR. 2016;10(11):LC19.

Seshadri S. Department of Foods and Nutrition. WHO Collaborating Centre for Nutrition Research. The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, India, 1999.

Beard JL. Iron requirements in adolescent females. J Nutr. 2000;130:440 – 2.

Kapur D, Agarwal KN, Agarwal DK. Nutritional anemia and its control. Indian J Pediatr. 2002;69:607-16.