DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20182626

Prevalence and pattern of alcohol consumption using alcohol use disorder identification test among students at a medicalcollege in Goa, India

Yash Jairam Verenkar, Frederick Satiro Vaz

Abstract


Background: Alcohol use is a complex health and social issue, especially in developing countries like India and in particular the western Indian state of Goa moreover, adolescents are usually more vulnerable to alcohol-related harm from a same volume of alcohol compared to other age group individuals.

Methods: A cross-sectional design was conducted over a period of two months in Goa medical college, Goa. Students pursuing the MBBS Course in all semesters for the academic year 2015-16 were the study partici pants. Data was collected by interviewing the students. The pre-tested structured questionnaire used to collect the data. Alcohol consumption pattern was assessed using alcohol use disorder identification test (AUDIT). Approval was obtained from the Institutional Ethics Committee of the Medical College. Informed written consent was obtained from the participant prior to the interview. SPSS Software Package was used for statistical analysis.

Results: Prevalence of alcohol consumption was found to be 39.4%. Prevalence among females was higher (40.6%) compared to Males (38%). Among the alcohol consumers 82.3% were light drinkers (AUDIT <8) while 17.7% were identified as heavy drinkers. Hazardous alcohol consumption was identified in 46.7% of alcohol consumers. 20.9% of alcohol consumers showed signs of alcohol dependence.

Conclusions: Awareness of ill effects of alcohol consumption, counselling to deal with stress related to studies, negotiating peer pressure etc. need to be the possible solutions to address this health and social issue of alcohol use among young adults.


Keywords


Alcohol, Pattern, Prevalence, AUDIT

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ramadas K, Sauvaget C, Thomas G, Fayette J-M, Thara S, Sankaranarayanan R. Effect of tobacco chewing, tobacco smoking and alcohol on all-cause and cancer mortality: a cohort study from Trivandrum, India. Cancer Epidemiol. 2010;34(4):405–12.

Mäkelä K, Mustonen H. Relationships of drinking behaviour, gender and age with reported negative and positive experiences related to drinking. Addiction. 2000 ;95(5):727–36.

Sartor CE, Lynskey MT, Heath AC, Jacob T, True W. The role of childhood risk factors in initiation of alcohol use and progression to alcohol dependence. Addiction. 2007;102(2):216–25.

US Surgeon General. General’s call to action to prevent and reduce underage drinking. Washington (DC); 2007.

World Health Organisation. Global status report on alcohol and health. Geneva; 2015.

Benegal V. India: alcohol and public health. Addiction. 2005;100(8):1051–6.

Babor TF, Fuente JR, Saunders J, Grant M. AUDIT: The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test. Guidelines for use in primary health Care. Geneva; 1992.

Dhupdale NY, Motghare DD, Ferreira AM, Prasad DY. Prevalence and pattern of alcohol consumption in rural Goa. Indian J community Med. 2006;31(2):104–5.

Kumar S G, Premarajan K C, Subitha L, Suguna E, Vinayagamoorthy, Kumar V. Prevalence and Pattern of Alcohol Consumption using Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) in Rural Tamil Nadu, India. J Clin Diagn Res. 2013;7(8):1637–9.

John A, Barman A, Bal D, Chandy G, Samuel J, Thokchom M, et al. Hazardous alcohol use in rural southern India: nature, prevalence and risk factors. Natl Med J India. 2009;22(3):123–5.

Agossou T, Ouendo EM, Yevide D, Paraiso MMN, Diallo P AR. l’alcool et les drogues a cotonou: De la consummation a l’abus et aux mesures de protection (Alcohol and drugs in cotonou, benin: From consumption to abuse and protective measures). Alcoologie. 1999;21:231–7.

Chagas Silva M, Gaunekar G, Patel V, Kukalekar DS, Fernandes J. The prevalence and correlates of hazardous drinking in industrial workers: a study from Goa, India. Alcohol and Alcoholism. 2003;38(1):79–83.

Cloninger CR. The genetics of substance abuse. Second Edition. Galanter M, Kleber H, editors. Washington (DC): American Psychiatric press; 1999: 59-66.