DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20182621

Knowledge and practice of polio vaccination among mothers of infants attending community health centre of northern Kerala

Nivya Noonhiyil Kaithery, Jayasree Anandabhavan Kumaran

Abstract


Background: Poliomyelitis is a highly infectious disease caused by polio virus which invades the nervous system causing irreversible total paralysis.The aim of the study is to assess the knowledge and practice of mothers regarding polio vaccination.

Methods: It’s a descriptive type of study conducted in mothers of Infants who had attended Community health centre of Kannur district during a study period of 2 weeks (June 1 to June 14, 2017). Written consent was obtained from the mothers. Data was collected using a semi structured questionnaire with 3 sections -demographic details, knowledge and practice. Data was analyzed and the results are expressed in terms of frequency and percentage.

Results: A total of 220 women were studied. Out of 220 mothers, 93.6% had satisfactory knowledge and 90.45% mothers had their child immunized up to age according to National Immunization Schedule. All of them were taking their children to government hospital for vaccination and their main source of knowledge were health workers.

Conclusions: In the present study, majority of the mothers had attended immunization class and had satisfactory knowledge. In order to achieve 100% vaccination coverage, we have to emphasize more on awareness campaigns. 


Keywords


Polio, Immunization, Mothers

Full Text:

PDF

References


Poliomyelitis. WHO. World Health Organization; 2016. Available at: http://www.who.int/ mediacentre/factsheets/fs114/en/. Accessed on 14 December 2016.

World Health Organization, Polio-free certification: WHO South-East Asia. SEARO. World Health Organization, South-East Asia Regional Office; 2016. Available at http://www.searo.who.int/ entity/immunization/topics/polio/eradication/seapolio-free/en/. Accessed on 14 December 2016.

World Health Organization, UNICEF, CDC. Polio eradication and endgame strategic plan 2013-2018 executive summary. World Health Organization. Geneva; 2009. Available at http://www.who.int/immunization/diseases/poliomyelitis/endgame_objective2/about/en/. Accessed on 13th dec 2016

Maya C. IPV Introduction in Kerala to check wild polio virus. Available at http://www.thehindu.com/ news/cities/Thiruvananthapuram/ipv-introduced-in-state-to-check-wild-polio-viruses/article 8431493.ece. Accessed on 14 December 2016.

Park K. Park’s textbook of preventive medicine. 23rd edition. Jabalpur: m/s Banarsidas Bhanot; 2015: 123,206.

Vaccines and preventable diseases. Polio Vaccination. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/ vaccines/vpd/polio/index.html. Accessed on 16th December 2016

Sarada AK, Thilak SA, Sushrit A. Neloopant A cross sectional study on awareness about injectable polio vaccine among pregnant women and mothers of children under 14 weeks in a rural area of Kannur, North Kerala, India. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2016;3:2004-7.

Khan MU, Ahmad A, Aqeel T, Salman S, Ibrahim Q, Idrees J, Khan MU. Knowledge, attitudes and perceptions towards polio immunization among residents of two highly affected regions of Pakistan, BMC Public Health. 2015;15:1100.

Tagbo BN, Ughasoro MD, Esangbedo DO. Parental acceptance of inactivated polio vaccine in Southeast Nigeria: a qualitative cross-sectional interventional study. Vaccine. 2014;32(46):6157-62.