DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20182144

Measles vaccination coverage among children aged (12-23) months in Marawi locality - Northern state, Sudan - 2016

Wafaa Mubark Mohamed Osman

Abstract


Background: Worldwide measles remains the fifth cause of mortality among children under 5 years. Immunization coverage is the proportion of individuals in the target population who are vaccinated. It is a key measure of immunization system performance. Coverage for measles in Eastern Mediterranean region in 2015 for MCV1 was 85%, and MCV2 was 61%.

Methods: A total sample size of 462 mothers was determined according to WHO guidelines regarding coverage survey in (February - July 2016). Data were collected using a prepared and pretested questionnaire, reviewing cards of children, and interview with EPI personnel. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20, p≤0.05 was considered significant.

Results: The majority of the children (96.1%) were vaccinated against MCV1, and (77.4%) were vaccinated against MCV2. Small group of mothers (5.7%) had a negative attitude towards immunization. Most mothers (94.3%) were satisfied with measles immunization services. More than half of mothers (55.7%) wait for <15 minutes to immunize their children. Most of the mothers (62.3%) went to the immunization centers by public transports. The main factors affecting vaccination coverage were: weakness of incentives, lack of means of transport for staff, poor working environment like: shortage of water, furniture and technological materials.

Conclusions: The coverage with MCV1 was reaching the WHO elimination standards while the coverage of MCV2 was not; due to many factors that affected the vaccination coverage. The study recommends health education covering all aspects of immunization, improvement of the working environment, and availing outreach centers.


Keywords


Measles, Vaccination, Marawi, Sudan

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