DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20181731

Awareness of cervical and breast cancer among women attending OBG out-patient department of a medical college hospital, Bangalore

Jayanthi Srikanth, Kavya G. Upadhya, Pankaj Kumar

Abstract


Background: Cancers of the cervix and breast are common among Indian women. Majority of the women are not aware of the symptoms or screening methods and report late. Hence the current study was done to assess their knowledge and provide information regarding early detection.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was done in the OBG out-patient department of Kempegowda Institute of Medical Science Hospital, Bangalore over a period of 3 months and 205 women aged 18 years and above were the study subjects. The awareness of the study subjects regarding cervical and breast cancer was assessed using a pre-tested semi-structured proforma. The data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.

Results: Among 205 study subjects interviewed, the study subjects who had heard about cervical cancer were 173 (84.4%) and those who had heard about breast cancer were 202 (98.5%). Out of 173 subjects who had heard about cervical cancer, 139 (80.3%) had good knowledge regarding the symptoms and 102 (58.9%) knew about the risk factors. The fact that cervical cancer could be detected early was known to 113 (65.3%) subjects but only 57 (32.9%) were aware of a pap smear. Out of 202 subjects who had heard about breast cancer, 159 (78.7%) had good knowledge regarding the symptoms and 74 (36.6%) knew about the risk factors. The fact that breast cancer could be detected early was known to 143 (70.8%) subjects but only 42 (20.8%) were aware of mammogram.

Conclusions: Majority of the study subjects had reasonable knowledge of the symptoms and risk factors of cervical and breast cancer but the knowledge regarding screening test for early detection of these cancers was poor.


Keywords


Awareness, Cancer, Cervical, Breast

Full Text:

PDF

References


World Health Organization. Cancer. Available at http://www.who.int/cancer/en/. Accessed 25 January 2018.

World Cancer Research Fund International. Cancer facts and figures. Available at: http://www.wcrf. org/int/cancer-facts-figures/data-specific-cancers/ cervical-cancer-statistics. Accessed 25 January 2018.

World Health Organization. Sexual and Reproductive Health. Available at http://www. who.int/reproductivehealth/topics/cancers/fight-cervical-cancer/en/. Accessed 27 January 2018.

World Health Organization. Breast cancer: prevention and control. Available at: http://www. who.int/cancer/detection/breastcancer/en/. Accessed on 27 January 2018.

Jacob AM, Kurian RN. A Study to Assess the Knowledge and Attitude of Cervical Cancer among Women in a Selected Community of New Delhi. Int J Nurs Midwif Res. 2016;3(2&3):8-11.

Siddharthar J, Rajkumar B, Deivasigamani K. Knowledge, Awareness and Prevention of Cervical Cancer among Women Attending a Tertiary Care Hospital in Puducherry, India. J Clin Diagnos Res. 2014;8(6):OC01-3.

Arunadevi, Geetha Prasad. Knowledge and awareness of cervical cancer among women in rural India. Int J Cur Res Rev. 2015;7(21):29-32.

Bansal AB, Pakhare AP, Kapoor N, Mehrotra R, Kokane AM. Knowledge, attitude, and practices related to cervical cancer among adult women: A hospital-based cross-sectional study. J Nat Sc Biol Med. 2015;6(2):324-8.

Mulatu K, Motma A, Seid M, Tadesse M. Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Pratice on Cervical Cancer Screening among Female Students of Mizan Tepi University, Ethiopia, 2016. Cancer Biol Ther Oncol. 2017;1(1):1-5.

Shankar A, Rath GK, Roy S, Malik A, Bhandari R, Kishor K, et al. Level of Awareness of Cervical and Breast Cancer Risk Factors and Safe Practices among College Teachers of Different States in India: Do Awareness Programmes Have an Impact on Adoption of Safe Practices? Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2015;16(3):927-32.

Raychaudhuri S, Mandal S. Socio-Demographic and Behavioural Risk Factors for Cervical Cancer and Knowledge, Attitude and Practice in Rural and Urban Areas of North Bengal, India. Asian Pacific J Cancer Prev. 2012;13(4):1093-6.

Shadap A, Pais M, Prabhu A. A descriptive study to assess the knowledge on breast cancer and utilization of mammogram among women in selected villages of Udupi district, Karnataka. Nitte Univ J Health Sci. 2014;4(4):84-7.

Deniz S, Kurt B, Oguzoncul AF, Nazlican E, Akbaba M, Nayir T. Knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of women regarding breast and cervical cancer in Malatya, Turkey. PLoS One. 2017;12(11):e0188571.

Omotara B, Yahya S, Amodu M, Bimba J. Awareness, Attitude and Practice of Rural Women regarding Breast Cancer in Northeast Nigeria. J Community Med Health Educ. 2012;2(5):1-4.

Altay B, Avci IA, Rizalar S, Oz H, Meral D. Breast and Cervical Cancer Knowledge and Awareness among University Students. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2015;16(5):1719-24.