DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20182156

Donor and tissue profiling at the time of eye donation at a tertiary care hospital in western India

Devdatta J. Gohel, Atul Kamath M., Dhananjay A. Bhosale, Binita N. Gadhavi

Abstract


Background: The purpose of this study was to analyse the donor and tissue profiling of eyes donated at a tertiary care center in western India.

Methods: Eye bank records were analysed for the period December 2014- December 2016. Variables studied included donor demographics (age, gender, ethnicity) cause of death of donor, consent for donation, whether the donation was voluntary or motivated, death to preservation interval, preservation to utilization interval, corneal suitability for transplantation and corneal tissue utilization.

Results: During this study period, 200 corneal tissues were retrieved from 100 donors (male: female= 33: 17). The mean age of donors was 63 years (range: 18-91 years). Most common age group of donors belonged to 70-79 year age group. Most of the donors belonged to the class III of socio-economic status (35%). The most common cause of death was cardiorespiratory arrest (63%). Majority donors were voluntary (71%). Most consent for eye donation was given by sons (51%) or daughters (17%). Most of the donations were done at the deceased houses (64%). Mean death to preservation interval was 2.8 hours. Total corneas suitable for transplantation were 43% out of which 20% were utilised with the most common cause for disuse being septicaemia (23%) and poor quality of tissue (57%). Majority of patients had comorbidities with hypertension being most common (76%).

Conclusions: With fairly less corneal tissue utilization, there is need for awareness among people in order to know the proper technique of preservation of eyes once death occurs and to increase motivational donations.

 


Keywords


Keratoplasty, Eye donation, Blindness

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