DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20182665

Salmonella species causing hip septic arthritis

Khalid Mohammed A. Alhazzazi, Khalid Alsheikh, Faisal Konbaz, Turki Saud AlMugren

Abstract


Salmonella infection has been associated with various presentations depending on the system that has been affected and Salmonella species that invaded the body. Usually present with gastroenteritis symptoms and bacteremia. Rare cases had been recorded that Salmonella causing septic arthritis. We are reporting a rare case of Salmonella causing septic hip arthritis. Case report of a 31-year-old lady, known case of: systemic lupus erythematosus, anti-phospholipid syndrome, chronic kidney disease from National Guard Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 2018. We found the possibility of Salmonella species that causes various diseases can cause septic hip arthritis. Salmonella gram-negative bacilli has been associated with broad spectrum of illnesses as gastroenteritis, typhoid fever and septicemia. In the developed countries Salmonella cause self-limiting diarrhea with risk of developing bacteremia. Rare cases reported as a case of Salmonella causing septic joint arthritis. Following the recommendations of treating Salmonella osteomyelitis would help eradicate the infection and decrease the relapse rate period.


Keywords


Salmonella, Systemic lupus erythematosus, Hip septic arthritis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Chun P, Kim YJ, Han YM, Kim YM. A case of reactive arthritis after Salmonella enteritis in in a 12-year-old boy. Korean J Pediatr. 2011;54(7):313–5.

Colmegna I, Cuchacovich R, Espinoza LR. HLA-B27- Associated reactive arthritis: Pathogenetic and clinical considerations. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2004;17(2):348–69.

Hernigou P, Daltro G, Flouzat-Lachaniette CH, Roussignol X, Poignard A. Septic arthritis in adults with sickle cell disease often is associated with osteomyelitis or osteonecrosis. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2010;468(6):1676–81.

Berngard SC, Miller M. Salmonella Spinal Infection. J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care. 2013;12(4):241–4.

Shrestha P, Mohan S, Roy S. Bug on the back: vertebral osteomyelitis secondary to fluoroquinolone resistant Salmonella typhi in an immunocompetent patient. BMJ Case Rep. 2015;2015.

Fukuda T, Bouchi R, Minami I, Ohara N, Nakano Y, Nishitani R, et al. Retrograde pyelonephritis and lumbar spondylitis as a result of Salmonella typhi in a type 2 diabetes patient with neurogenic bladder. J Diabetes Investig. 2016;7(3):436–9.

Effendi FM, Ibrahim MI, Mohd Miswan MF. Salmonella spondylodiscitis of the thoracic vertebrae mimicking spine tuberculosis. BMJ Case Rep. 2016;2016.

Matono T, Takeshita N, Kutsuna S, Fujiya Y, Mawatari M, Hayakawa K, et al. Indolent Non-Typhoidal Salmonella Vertebral Osteomyelitis in a Diabetic Patient. Intern Med. 2015;54(23):3083–6.

Hall RL, Partridge R, Venkatraman N, Wiselka M. Invasive non-typhoidal Salmonella infection with multifocal seeding in an immunocompetent host: an emerging disease in the developed world. Case Rep. 2013;2013(1):bcr2012008230-bcr2012008230.

McAnearney S. Salmonella osteomyelitis. Ulster Med J. 2015;84(3):171–2.

Gupta A, Berbari EF, Osmon DR, Virk A. Prosthetic joint infection due to Salmonellaspecies: a case series. BMC Infect Dis. 2014;14(1):633.

Sebastian S, Dhawan B, Malhotra R, Gautam D, Kapil A. Salmonella typhimurium infection in total knee arthroplasty: A case report with review of literature. J Lab Physicians. 2017;9(3):217–9.

Gordon MA. Salmonella infections in immune-compromised adults. J Infection. 2008: 413–22.

Lima AL, Oliveira PR, Carvalho VC, Cimerman S, Savio E. Diretrizes Panamericanas para el Tratamiento de las Osteomielitis e Infecciones de Tejidos Blandos Group. Braz J Infect Dis. 2014;18(5):526-34.