DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20181241

A study to assess the knowledge and practice of road safety measures among undergraduate medical students of M. R. Medical College, Kalaburagi

Lakshmi R. Kalbandkeri, Boramma G., Shreeshail Ghooli

Abstract


Background: Road traffic injuries claim more than 1.25 million lives each year and have a huge impact on health and development. They are the leading cause of death among young people aged between 15 and 29 years globally. In the South East Asian region of the World Health Organization, India alone accounted for 73 percent of these Road traffic accidents (RTA) burden. The importance of road safety measures needs to be emphasized in the prevention of the road traffic accidents. The objectives of the study were to assess the knowledge and practice of road safety measures among undergraduate medical students.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 310 medical undergraduates of M.R. Medical College from 1st September to 1st October 2016. Data was collected using pre-tested, semi-structured, self-administered questionnaire. The data collected was analyzed using SPSS version 16. Statistical analysis was done using relevant statistical tests.

Results: Out of the 310 students 54.19% were males and 45.81% were females. 90.9% of the participants had driving licence, 32.1% of the students had taken training for driving the car and 66% of the students did not wear helmet. Female students had high knowledge of the road safety measures when compared to male students.

Conclusions: The overall knowledge of road safety measures was high among the study participants. Regarding practice behaviours they were not desirable like practice of wearing helmet and exceeding speed limit. Undertaking proper road safety measures are the best available interventions to curb the epidemic of RTA.


Keywords


Knowledge, Practice, Road safety, Medical students

Full Text:

PDF

References


Kulothungan K. A cross sectional study on the knowledge, awareness & practice of safety rules among the young college students in Trichy City, Tamilnadu. International Journal of Information Research and Review 2015;2(9):1162-9.

WHO. Global status report on road safety. Available at: http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2009/ pdf/2015. Accessed on 1 October 2016.

Sharma G, Upadhyay M, Ramaboot S. The Challenge of Road Traffic Injury in South-East Asia:Moving Beyond Rhetoric. Regional Health Forum. 2004;8(1):1-5.

Jogdand SK, Yerpude NP, Jogdand SM. Awareness and behavioral pattern with regard to road safety in south India. Int J Biol Med Res. 2013;4(4):3590-2.

World Health Organization. World report on child injury prevention. Geneva(CH):WHO, Available at: http://www.whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2015. Accessed on 1 October 2016.

World Health Organization. World report on road traffic injury prevention. Available at: http://www.int/violence_injury_prevention/publications/road_traffic/world_report/summary_en_rev.pdf/2015. Accessed on 4 October 2016.

Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. Government of India. Status paper on road safety in India. Available at:http://www.tsu.trp.nic.in/ transport/public/forms/pdfFiles/RoadaccidentinTripura10years.pdf. Accessed on 19 September 2016.

Kulkarni V, Palanivel C, Kumar N. Awareness and practice of road safety measures among undergraduate medical students in a South Indian state. J Forensic Legal Med. 2012;30:1-4.

Lalitha D, Naidu SA, Madhavi BD. A Study on Knowledge Attitude and Practice of Road Safety Measures among College Students in Visakhapatnam City. J Evidence based Med Healthcare. 2015;2(42):7439-44.

Siviroj P, Peltzer K, Pengpid S, Morarit S. Helmet Use and Associated Factors among Thai Motorcyclists during Songkran Festival. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2012;9:3286-97.

Reang T, Tripura A. Road Safety: knowledge, practice and determinants among undergraduate medical students of Agartala Government Medical College & Govinda Ballabh Pant Hospital. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014;3:911-5.

Emmily MK, Angolkar M, Swati BM Assessment of Knowledge and Practice Measures Regarding Prevention of Road Traffic Accidents among Undergraduate Medical Students. Int Res J Interdisciplinary Multidisciplinary Studies. 2016;2(9):93-101.

Redhwan AA. Karim AJ. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards road traffic regulations among university students in Malaysia, Int Med J Malaysia. 2010;9(2):29-34.

Trivedi A, Rawal D. Prevalence of road traffic accidents and driving practices among young drivers. Healthline. 2011;2(2):72-5.

Salve SB, Dase RK, Jadhav VS, Mahajan SM, Adchitre SA. A study on Awareness and Behavior of Adolescents towards Road Traffic Accidents. Int J Current Medical and Applied Sci. 2014;4(1):33-40.