DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20181238

A cross sectional study to find out the duration of sleep and associated disorder among practicing advocates in Madurai district Tamil Nadu

L. Kannan, Praveena P.

Abstract


Background: Sleep is a essential physiological process for attaining optimal health and wellbeing. Reduced duration of night sleep destructs the body’s ability to regulate stress hormones, raises the blood pressure and cardio vascular risk. The pressure of working in legal field creates stress, sleep deprivation and eventually hypertension. In view of above issues one of the main objectives of the study is to evaluate the relationship between duration of sleep and hypertension among practising advocates.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample of 300 practising advocates at Madurai district court for a period of 1 year by simple random sampling method.

Results: Around 116 (38.67%) participants had less than 6 hours of night sleep and 184 (61.33%) participants had equal to or more than 6 hours of night sleep. Among participants with night sleep less than 6 hours, a majority of 97 (83.62%) were found to be hypertensives, whereas only 26 (14.13%) participants with night sleep equal to or more than 6 hours were hypertensives (p=0.00, odds ratio-31.02).

Conclusions: The study explains that practising advocates with duration of night sleep less than 6 hours (83.62%) have a significant association with hypertension. Advocates experience work related depression, anxiety and stress. Therefore advocates are advised to well plan the work schedules, plan for short vacations and adopt basic life style modifications to prevent hypertension.


Keywords


Sleep deprivation, Hypertension, Stress

Full Text:

PDF

References


American Academy of Sleep Medicine. http://www.aasm.org>resources>factsheets Accessed on 3 February 2018.

Sheldon G. Sheps, M.D. Mayo clinic. Is it true that sleep deprivation can cause high blood pressure? http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-pressure/expert-answers/blood-pressure. Accessed on 3 February 2018.

Sarda K. The New Indian Express Donning lawyers robes, with no law to protect from stress. 20th October 2014.

Gottlieb DJ, Redline S, Nieto FJ, Baldwin CM, Newman AB, Resnick HE, et al. Association of usual sleep duration with hypertension: the sleep heart health study. Sleep. 2006;29(8):1009-14.

Wang Y, Mei H, Jiang YR, Sun WQ,Song YJ,Liu SJ, Jiang F. Relation between duration of sleep and hypertension in adults: a meta-analysis. J Clin Sleep Med. 2015;11(9):1047-56.

Sheldon G. Shepsetal. Mayo clinic.org. Accessed on 3 February 2018.

FarautB, Touchette E Gamble-Short sleep duration and increased risk of hypertension: a primary care medicine investigation. J Hypertens. 2012;30(7):1354-63.

Lusardi P, Mugellini A, Preti P, Zoppi A, Derosa G, Fogari R. Effects of a restricted sleep regimen on ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in normotensive subjects. Am J Hypertens. 1996;9:503-5.

Kato M, Phillips BG, Sigurdsson G, Narkiewicz K, Pesek CA, Somers VK. Effects of sleep deprivation on neural circulatory control. Hypertension. 2000;35:1173-5.

Meier-Ewert HK, Ridker PM, Rifai N. Effect of sleep loss on C-reactive protein, an inflammatory marker of cardiovascular risk. J Am CollCardiol. 2004;43:678-83.

Lusardi P, Zoppi A, Preti P, Pesce RM, Piazza E, Fogari R. Effects of insufficient sleep on blood pressure in hypertensive patients: a 24-hour study. Am J Hypertens. 1999;12:63-8.