DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20181687

Monitoring of health and nutrition sustainable development goals and indicators: a case of estimation of denominators in thirteen 100 million+ countries for the mid-year of 2017

Manoj Kumar Raut, Daliya Sebastian, Ananta Basudev Sahu

Abstract


Background: The success of any program is measured by continuous monitoring through service statistics for a periodic oversight and through evaluation surveys to measure the relevance, effectiveness, efficiency and impact of activities in the light of specified objectives. Service statistics need a lot of indicators to be tracked on a regular basis. The service statistics provide us with numerators. To understand the numerators more meaningfully, we need to standardize them by using specific denominators. So, denominators have to be estimated, which can enable computation of indicators for monitoring purposes. Census and large scale sample surveys provide proportions to calculate denominators for program monitoring purposes.

Methods: This paper uses demographic techniques to estimate denominators for the thirteen 100 million plus countries as of UN projections, 2017 of Philippines, Ethiopia, Japan, Mexico, Russian Federation, Bangladesh, Nigeria, Pakistan, Brazil, Indonesia, United States of America, India and China.

Results: The denominators have been estimated for number of live births, number of annual pregnancies, the first 1,000 days, children and women of reproductive age (15 to 49 years), pregnant, lactating, non-pregnant and non-lactating women, elderly in the age group of 60+ years.

Conclusions: The estimations of denominators at the sub-national levels becomes quite challenging due to the scarce availability of data to be used as proportions for different population groups. But, once, the methodology is improved with appropriate data, it could serve as a boon for annual program monitoring process at multiple data time points between two national surveys and between two consecutive censuses.


Keywords


Demographic techniques, Estimation of denominators, Program planning and monitoring

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References


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