DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20181218

Knowledge, attitude and practices about cervical cancer among rural married women: a cross sectional study

Radha Ramaiah, Srividya Jayarama

Abstract


Background: Cervical cancer is the third most common cancer among women and the fourth leading cause of cancer deaths in females worldwide. The objectives of the study were to assess the level of knowledge, attitude and practice related to cervical cancer and its screening among women of reproductive age group in a rural area of Karnataka and to find the association between socio-demographic characters and knowledge, attitude and practice related to cervical cancer.

Methods: A community based cross sectional study was conducted among 200 married women of reproductive age group residing in Javarnahalli, a rural field practice area of AIMS, Karnataka. Data was collected using predesigned, pretested structured questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of four parts to gather information regarding socio-demographic characteristics of participants, knowledge, attitude and practice regarding cervical cancer and its screening. Institutional ethical committee approval and informed consent from study participants were taken.

Results: 64% study participants were not aware of the early symptoms of cervical cancer. Around 34.5% had heard of cervical cancer screening. 76.2% women were willing to screened if offered free of cost. But only 9.5% women had ever been screened for cervical cancer.

Conclusions: Strategic communication targeting eligible women, universal availability of screening facilities in public health facilities may increase the uptake of cervical screening.

 


Keywords


Cervical cancer, Married women, Rural area

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ferlay J, Shin HR, Bray F, Forman D, Mathers CD, Parkin D. Globocan 2008, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC Cancer Base N0. 10. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer, 2010. Available at: http://globocan. iarc.fr.2010. Accessed on 3 November 2017.

Kaku M, Mathew A, Rajan B. Impact of socio-economic factors in delayed reporting and late stage presentation among patients with cervix cancer in a major cancer hospital in South India. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2008;9:589-94.

Walboomers JM, Jacobs MV, Manos MM, Bosch FX, Kummer JA, Shah KV, et al. Human papillomavirus is necessary cause of invasive cervical cancer worldwide. J Pathol. 1999;189:12-9.

Gadducci A, Barsotti C, Cosio S, Domenici L, Riccardo Genazzani A. Smoking habit, immune suppression, oral contraceptive use, and hormone replacement therapy use and cervical carcinogenesis: A review of literature. Gynecol Endocrinol. 2011;27:597-604.

Canavan TP, Doshi NR. Cervical cancer. Am Fam Physician. 2000;61:1369-76.

Aswathy S, Quereshi MA, Kurian B, Leelamoni K. Cervical cancer screening: Current knowledge and practice among women in a rural population of Kerala, India. Indian J Med Res. 2012;136:205-10.

Fylan F. Screening for cervical cancer: A review of women’s attitudes, knowledge and behavior. Br J Gen Pract. 1998;48:1509-14.

Mosavel M, Simon C, Oakar C, Meyer S. Cervical cancer attitudes and beliefs–a Cape Town community responds on World Cancer Day. J Cancer Educ. 2009;24:114-9.

Rajkumar R, Sankaranarayanan R, Esmi A, Jayaraman R, Cherian J, Parkin DM. Leads to cancer control based on cancer patterns in a rural population in South India. Cancer Causes Control. 2000;11:433-9.

International Agency for Research on Cancer. GLOBOCAN 2012: Estimated cancer incidence, mortality and prevalence worldwide in 2012. Lyon, France: IARC; 2013. Available at: http://www. globocan.iarc.fr/. Accessed on 15 January 2017.

Tran NT, Choe SI, Taylor R, Ko WS, Pyo HS, So HC. Knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) concerning cervical cancer and screening among rural and urban women in six provinces of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2011;12:3029-33.

Shreshta J, Saha R, Tripathi N. Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding cervical cancer screening amongst women visiting tertiary centre in Kathmandu, Nepal. Nepal J Med Sci. 2013;2:85-90.

Tebeu PM, Major AL, Rapiti E, Petignat P, Bouchardy C, Sando Z, et al. The attitude and Knowldege of cervical cancer by Cameroonian women; a clinical survey conducted in Maroua, the capital of Far North Province of Cameroon. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2008;18:761-5.

Yifru T, Asheber G. Knowledge, attitude and practice of screening for carcinoma of the cervix among reproductive health clients at three teaching hospitals, Addis Abba, Ethiopia. Ethiop J Reprod Health. 2008;2.

Al Sairafi M, Mohammed FA. Knowledge, attitudes and practice related to cervical cancer screening among Kuwaiti women. Med Princ Pract. 2009;18:35-42.

Yu CK, Rymer J. Women’s attitudes to and awareness of smear testing and cervical cancer. Br J Fam Plann. 1998;23:127-33.

Goyal A, Gunvant V, Shrivastava A, Verma R, Modi A. Knowledge, attitude and practices about cervical cancer and screening among nursing staff in a teaching hospital. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013;2:249-53.

John J. The Knowledge, attitude, practice and perceived barriers towards screening for premalignant lesions among women aged 18 years and above in Songea Urban, Ruvama [Dissertation]. Muhimbili Univ Health Allied Sci, 2011.

Beining RM. Screening for cervical cancer. An exploratory study of urban women in Tamil Nadu, India [Dissertation]. University of Lowa, 2012.

Bansal AB, Pakhare AP, Kapoor N, Mehrota R, Kokane AM. Knowledge, attitude and practices related to cervical cancer among adult women: A hospital based cross sectional study. J Nat Sc Biol Med. 2015;6:324-8.