DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20181207

Awareness and practices related to dengue fever among rural high school students: a cross sectional study

Radha Ramaiah, Srividya Jayarama

Abstract


Background: Dengue is an acute viral infection with potential fatal complications and one of the leading cause of childhood Deaths in our country. Being a major international public health concern, the main method to control or prevent its transmission is to combat vector mosquitoes for which awareness about available preventive methods can play a major role. The objective of the study was to study the awareness and practices of the school students with respect to dengue.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 369 high school students using pretested structured questionnaire and analysis was done with open Epi and Microsoft excel.

Results: The fact that dengue is caused by mosquito bite was known to 96% students respectively. 43% students knew that female mosquito bites and spread diseases. Only 21% knew that they are caused by Aedes mosquito. 47% knew that it breeds in clean stagnant water and 49% knew that it bites during day. Only 50-60% students took personal protective measures against mosquito bites and check for breeding of mosquitoes. 95% students felt that prevention of these diseases should be taught in schools.

Conclusions: awareness among students is an important factor for preventing dengue in the community. Findings of the study will be helpful to make strategies for students to enhance knowledge on these diseases. Government should utilize methods of mass communication for educating about mosquito borne diseases.


Keywords


Knowledge attitude and practice, High school students, Dengue

Full Text:

PDF

References


Gratz NG, Knudsen AB. The Rise and Spread of Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever and its Vectors: A Historical Review (up to 1995). World Health Organization, Geneva, CCTD/FIL (Den)/IC.96.7, 1996.

Gratz NG. Critical review of the vector status of Aedes albopictus. Med Vet Entomol 18: 215, 2004.

Wahala WM, Silva AM. The human antibody response to dengue virus infection. Viruses. 2011;3:2374–95.

World Health Organization. Dengue and severe dengue. Fact sheet no. 117, March 2014. Geneva: WHO, 2014. Available at: http://www.who.int/ mediacentre/factsheets/fs117/en/. Accessed on 16 March 2014.

National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme. Dengue/ dengue haemorrhagic fever. 2013. Available at: http://www.nhp.gov.in/nvbdcp. Accessed 16 March 2014.

Bhatt S, Gething PW, Brady OJ, Messina JP, Farlow AW, Moyes CL, et al. The global distribution and burden of dengue. Nature. 2013;496:504–7.

Gubler DJ. The changing epidemiology of yellow fever and dengue, 1900 to 2003: full circle? Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2004;27:319–30.

Chaudhary R, Khetan D, Sinha S, Sinha P, Sonker A, Pandey P, et al. Transfusion support to Dengue patients in a hospital based blood transfusion service in north India. Transfus Apher Sci. 2006;35:239–44.

Ranson H, Burhani J, Lumjuan N, Black WC. IV Insecticide resistance in dengue vectors. TropIKA Reviews. 2010. Available at: http://journal.tropika. net/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=s2078-86062010000100003&lng=en. Accessed on 29 August 2014.

Taran SJ, Taran R, Bhandari V. Knowledge, awareness and practice study for mosquito borne diseases among school children of Malwa region of India. Indian J Child. 2016;3(2):125-8.

Majra JP, Acharya D. Impact of knowledge and practices on prevention of Chikununya in an epidemic area in India. Ann Trop Med Public Health. 2011;4:3-6.

Pandit N, Patel Y, Bhavsar B. Awareness and practice about preventive method against mosquito bite in Gujarat. Healthcare. 2010;1:16-20.

Kumar KR, Gururaj G. Community perception regarding mosquito borne disease in Karnataka state, India. Dengue Bull. 2005;29:157-16.

Patel AB, Rathod A, Shah P, Patel V, Garrondiya J, Sharma. Perceptions regarding mosquito borne diseases in an urban of Rajkot City. Natl J Med Res. 2011;1(2):45-7.

Chinnakali P, Gurnani N, Upadhyay RP, Parwar K, Suri TM, Yadav K. High level of awareness but poor practices regarding Dengue fever control: A cross sectional study from North India. North Ann J Med Sci. 2012;4:278-82.

Acharya A, Goswami K, Srinath S, Goswami A. Awareness about Dengue syndrome and related preventive practices amongst residents of an urban resettlement colony of South Delhi. J Vect Borne Dis. 2005:42:122-7.

Gupta P, Kumar P, Aggarwal OP. Knowledge, attitudes and practices related to Dengue in rural and slum area of Delhi after the Dengue epidemic of 1996. J Com Dis. 1998;30:107-12.

Hari F, Ong CH, Suhaini A, Trung TW, Bin Anis Ahmad MA, Sudanraj C, et al. A Knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) study on Dengue among selected rural communities in the Kerala Kangrar district. Asia Pae J Pub Health. 2003;15:37-43.

Alobuia WM, Missikpode C, Aung M, Jolly PE. KAPs and Vector Borne Diseases in Jamaiaca. Annals of Global Health. 2015;81(5):654-663.

Dhaduk KM, Gandha KM, Vadera BN, Mehta JP, Parmar DV, Yadav SB. A Community Med. 2013;4(2):321-8.

Van Benthem BH, Khantikul N, Panart K, Kessels PJ, Somboon P, Oskam L. Knowledge and use of prevention measures related to Dengue in northern Thailand. Trop Med Int Health. 2002;7:993-1000.