DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20181226

Assessment of knowledge, attitudes and practices toward prevention of hepatitis B virus infection among medical students in Geetanjali Medical College, Udaipur

Sachin Sharma, Mukul Dixit, Hemlata Mittal, Jyoti Jain, Divya Jain, Anmol Khandelwal

Abstract


Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is one of the major public health problems in the world. According to the recent estimates, about one-third of the world population is infected with HBV. Health care workers (HCWs) are at high risk of HBV infection in the health care settings. The prevalence rate of HBV in HCWs is about 2–10 times higher than the general populations in the world.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted at GMCH, Udaipur from March 2017 to August 2017 on a pretested, precoded and prestructured self administered questionnaire included sections on knowledge, attitude, and practice toward hepatitis B after having oral/ written consent among 200 medical Students.

Results: There were 144 (72.0%) males and 56 (28.0%) females participated as study subjects, more than 80.00% of the study subjects knew about the causative agent, vertical transmission, and vaccine prevention and after effects of HBV infection, 151 (75.50%) agreed for health education for STD’s in the schools, 42 (21.00%) of the study subjects had experienced the needle stuck injury.

Conclusions: Although more than 80% students had scientific knowledge about HBV but still there are gaps in the knowledge of Medical Students about Hepatits B infection. Sensitization of the medical students to the various aspects of disease through an active health education programme is crucial to control the spread of Hepatitis B.


Keywords


Health Care workers, Hepatitis B, Sensitization

Full Text:

PDF

References


World health organization. WHO hepatitis B.htm. WHO, Geneva. Available at: http://www.who hepatitisB.htm. Accessed on 22 June 2015.

WHO. Hepatitis B, 2012. Available at: http:// www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs204/en/index.html. Accessed on 22 June 2015.

Puri P. tackling the hepatitis b disease burden in India. J Clin Exp Hepatol. 2014;4(4):312–9.

Lamster IB, Ahlo JK. Analysis of gingival crevicular fluid as applied to the diagnosis of oral and systemic diseases. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2007;1098:216-29.

Dunford L, Carr MJ, Dean J, Nguyen LT, Ta TTH, Nguyen BT, et al. A multicentre molecular analysis of hepatitis B and blood-borne virus coinfections in Vietnam. PLoS One. 2012;7(6):e39027.

Zuckerman AJ. More than third of world’s population has been infected with hepatitis B virus. BMJ. 1999;318(7192):1213.

West DJ. The risk of hepatitis B infection among health professionals in the United States: a review. Am J Med Sci. 1984;287(2):26–33.

Beltrami EM, Williams IT, Shapiro CN, Chamberland ME. Risk and management of blood-borne infections in health care workers. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2000;13(3):385–407.

Taneja N, Biswal M. Safe disposal of infectious waste. Indian perspective. J Hosp Infect. 2009;62(4):525–6.

Noubiap JJ, Nansseu JR, Kengne KK, Ndoula ST, Agyingi LA. Occupational exposure to blood, hepatitis B vaccine knowledge and uptake among medical students in Cameroon. BMC Med Educ. 2013;13:148.

Abdela A, Woldu B, Haile K, Mathewos B, Deressa T. Assessment of knowledge, attitudes and practices toward prevention of hepatitis B virus infection among students of medicine and health sciences in Northwest Ethiopia. BMC Res Notes. 2016;9:410.

Mesfin YM, Kibret KT. Assessment of knowledge and practice towards hepatitis B among medical and health science students in Haramaya University, Ethiopia. PLoS ONE. 2013;8(11):79642.

Al-Hazmi AH. Knowledge, attitudes and practice of dentists concerning the occupational risks of hepatitis B virus in Al Jouf Province, Saudi Arabia. Niger J Clin Pract. 2015;18:276–81.

Hussain SF, Ahmad SR, Muslehuddin OM, Muslehuddin HM. Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding hepatitis B among medical students. Int J Community Med Public Health 2016;3:2977-81.

Anjali S, Shikha J. Prevention of Hepatitis B; knowledge and practices among Medical students. Indian Medical Gazette. 2012;2(2):52-6.

Baig VN, Gupta PK, Sharma AK, Swarnkar M. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice about hepatitis b among clinicians and medical students: a cross sectional study. Ntl J Community Med. 2015;6(3):415-22.